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European Commission launches open access publishing platform for scientific papers

Catherine Feore

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Today (24 March), the European Commission launches its Open Research Europe publishing platform for scientific papers. The site will provide free-of-charge access to everyone: researchers, businesses and citizens alike. The platform will publish the results of research funded by Horizon Europe, the EU research and innovation programme for 2021-2027, and its predecessor, Horizon 2020.

Open Research Europe gives everyone, researchers and citizens alike, free-of-charge access to the latest scientific discoveries. It directly addresses major difficulties often associated with publishing scientific results, including delays and barriers to the re-use of results and high costs.

The response to the coronavirus pandemic has shown the potential of open science to increase collaboration, illustrating how immediate access to publications and data have been crucial in helping researchers to find new treatments, diagnostics and vaccines. 

Currently, 91% of all publications and 95% of all peer-reviewed publications funded by Horizon 2020 are open access. Nonetheless, the ambition is that all scholarly publications stemming from the research funding of the Commission are made publicly available for free. In particular, the aim for Horizon Europe is that publications will be openly accessible from the moment they are published.

Open science ensures that publicly funded research and innovation systems are made more widely available, helping to share results, promoting innovation and improving access.  

Innovation, Research, Culture, Education and Youth Commissioner Mariya Gabriel, Commissioner for said: “We need to accelerate scientific discovery through more collaborative and open research practices. By helping researchers to publish in open access, Open Research Europe removes the barriers to knowledge flows and cultivates scientific debate.”

The platform will be managed by F1000, a London-based company.

Business

Research and scientific innovation essential for economic recovery in Europe

Guest contributor

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The next EU budget 2021-2027 will pave the way for strong EU support for the research, innovation and science sectors – vitally important in the delivery of economic recovery in Europe, writes David Harmon.

The European Parliament is set to vote on November 23th next on the provisions of the revised EU budgetary framework for the period 2021-2027.

€94 billion as of now is being put aside to finance Horizon Europe, nextGenerationEU and Digital Europe. These are key EU initiatives that will ensure that the EU stays to the forefront in developing new digital technologies. This in now more important than ever. Digital transformation is moving centre stage in terms of how technology will develop key vertical industries and future smart grids in Europe.

And Europe has the know-how to fulfil its key policy targets under these important EU flagship programmes and to do so in an environmentally manner.

The bottom line is that we are now living in the 5G era. This means that new products such as high definition video and self-driving vehicles are going to become a reality in everyday life. 5G is driving this process of ICT innovation. But EU member states do need to work together to make 5G a success so as to economically develop Europe and to comprehensively address broader societal needs.

ICT standards must operate in a structured and in an inter-linked manner.  Governments must ensure that spectrum policies are managed in a manner that guarantees that self–driving cars can travel seamlessly across borders.

Policies at an EU level that promote excellence in science through the European Research Council and via the European Innovation Council are now ensuring that highly innovative ICT products are successfully entering the EU marketplace.

But the public and private sectors must continue to work closely together in the delivery of EU policy goals that fully incorporate and integrate the research, innovation and science sectors.

Already under Horizon Europe a number of public private partnerships are being put in place that will cover the development of both key digital technologies and smart networks and services. The process of innovation works at it’s best when the private, public, educational and research communities are collaborating and cooperating together in the pursuit of common policy objectives.

In fact, in even a broader context the 17 UN Sustainable Development Goals can be achieved via scientists and researchers across the world engaging in common projects.

Europe is playing to its strengths under the Horizon Europe programme.

Europe is home to some of the finest software developers in the world. Over a quarter of all global [email protected] is carried out in Europe.

Horizon Europe and its predecessor programme Horizon 2020 are recognised as leading global research initiatives. But industry has to step up to the plate if Horizon Europe is going to be a success.

Horizon Europe must and will support the process of innovation.

This is the key if traditional industries such as the energy, transport and health and manufacturing sectors are going to be fit for the digital age.

International collaboration and co-operation can and will support the implementation of the strategic autonomous policy goals of the EU.

We are living through a digital revolution. We all must work together to make this revolution a positive success for everyone and this includes bridging the digital divide.

David Harmon, Director for EU Government Affairs at Huawei Technologies

David Harmon is director of EU Government Affairs at Huawei Technologies

Now that Europe is on the verge of securing agreement to the terms of the new EU budget 20210—2027, interested parties can prepare for the first call for proposals under Horizon Europe. The publication of such calls will take place within the first quarter of 2021. Advances in the fields of AI, big data, cloud computing and high performance computing will all play critical roles in bringing new innovative ICT products and services into the marketplace. We have witnessed at first hand this year the very positive role that new technologies can play in supporting high-speed online platforms and in enhancing connections for businesses, friends and families alike.

Policy frameworks will of course have to be put in place to cater for the evolving technologies that are coming on stream. Civic society, industry, the education and researcher sectors must be fully engaged in developing this legislative roadmap.

We know the challenges that lie ahead for us. So let us all actively address these challenges in a spirit of determination, friendship and international co-operation.

David Harmon is director of EU Government Affairs at Huawei Technologies and he is a former member within the cabinet of the European Commissioner for research, innovation and science during the period 2010-2014.

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Artificial intelligence

International collaboration in the field of #ICT research is a central cog in the wheel in tackling the global challenges of today

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Researchers and scientists from all over the world are working together to find a vaccine to combat Coronavirus. Companies from Europe, China, USA, Australia and Canada are at the forefront in seeking to find medical solutions to tackle Covid-19. But there is one common denominator in the work of all these specific research programmes. They bring scientists together from different parts on the world to work on this incredibly important field of health research, writes Abraham Liu, the Huawei chief representative to the EU institutions.

 

Abraham Liu, the Huawei chief representative to the EU institutions.

Abraham Liu, the Huawei chief representative to the EU institutions.

The pursuit of scientific excellence does not stop at any defined geographical border. If governments or companies alike want to deliver the most innovative products and solutions into the marketplace, they should pursue a policy of international co-operation and engagement.

In other words, ensuring that the best scientists in the world are working together in the pursuit of a common purpose. For example, this can relate to collaborative research activities in combatting chronic health disorders, tackling climate change and in building the most environmentally friendly and energy efficient cities of the future.

Advances in the field of information and communication technologies (ICT) now, underpin today the innovative development of all vertical industries. The energy, transport, health, industrial, financial and agriculture sectors are being modernized and transformed via the process of digital ingenuity.

  • 5G can now ensure that medical operations can be carried out remotely.
  • Advances in artificial intelligence (AI) can help in identifying Covid-19 via cloud applications.
  • Innovations in the field of the Internet of Things (I.O.T) ensure the more efficient operation of water supply systems by automatically identifying faults and leaks.
  • Today 25% of all traffic congestion in cities is caused by people looking for parking spaces. By properly using data centres and by integrating the use of video, voice and data services, traffic-light and parking systems are operationally more efficient.
  • 5G will deliver self-driving cars because the latency response times in carrying out instructions are now much lower compared to 4G. Car companies are now using server computers to test new vehicle models as opposed to deploying physical cars for such demonstrations.
  • 85% of all traditional banking services are now carried out online. Advances in AI are also leading the fight in combating credit card fraud.
  • By properly using sensors to identify the blood pressure and heartbeat levels in cattle, milk production can increase by 20%.

At the core of all these advances is a very strong commitment by both the public and private sectors to invest in basic research. This includes areas such as mathematical algorithms, environmental sciences and energy efficiencies. But international co-operation and engagement is the key component in delivering the digital transformation that we are witnessing today.

The policy objectives of Horizon Europe (2021-2027) will be successfully achieved through positive international collaboration. This research programme of the EU will help make Europe fit for the digital age, build a green economy, tackle climate change and implement the sustainable development goals of the United Nations. Huawei can and will help the EU fulfil these vitally important social and economic policy goals.

Huawei is committed to continuing our policy of international engagement in delivering new innovative products and solutions into the marketplace. Huawei employs over 2400 researchers in Europe, 90% of whom are local recruits. Our company works with over 150 universities in Europe on a range of different research activities. Huawei is an active participant in EU research and science initiatives such as Horizon 2020.

The private and public research and educational communities from all parts of the world – by working together - with a common sense of purpose - can and will tackle the serious global challenges facing us today.

Where we are united, we will succeed. Where we are divided, we will fail.

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China

#Huawei Europe showcases EU science

Colin Stevens

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To mark its 20th year in Europe, the Chinese global leader in mobile technology, Huawei, is opening a worldwide audience to share knowledge. More than 20 European science teams will be invited to shoot videos about their work, writes Colin Stevens.

It will then be shown on Guokr.com – the official partner of the Huawei initiative in China - which has more than 30 million users across several platforms.

Huawei Chief Content Officer Eric Cui,  in Brussels, said: “By broadcasting science stories to China and around the world, we are seizing the opportunities offered by social media as a powerful tool for asserting influence and exerting soft power.”

Eric Cui, Chief Content Officer of Huawei in Brussels

Eric Cui, Chief Content Officer of Huawei in Brussels

He added: “Soft power is the ability to use common interests to achieve common goals.

“Scientific leadership is a vital resource for building Europe’s soft power by combining strengths across borders to get the message out.”

The videos will be shown on Huawei’s YouTube channel “What makes it tick”? and Chinese social media platforms.

Cui said: “ Europe remains the leading economy in terms of public investment in R&D and its number of researchers.

However, the sector faces unprecedented challenges.

A scarcity of public funding, and pressure on educational and research institutions to help solve societal challenges, places these organisations at risk - undermining academic independence and further eroding trust in facts and science”

Cui said: “While it is essential to protect the sensitive areas of European research against any form of meddling, it is just as important to work together to combine knowledge and share advances with the largest possible number.

“Social media has quickly risen through the ranks in recent years to become one of the largest sources of global news and information.

“In popular science, this has created unprecedented opportunities.

“For example, the Germany-based YouTube channel Kurzgesagt, which specialises in explaining science simply, has more than 11 million subscribers with each video receiving millions of hits.”

Science is usually explained in classrooms and conferences offline rather than online.

However, this traditional approach has its limitations.

While Kurzgesagt has millions of viewers the recent Berlin Science Week – which attracted 20,000 people on site - had a mere 11 subscribers to its YouTube channel.

Cui added: “Europe needs to look beyond its borders.

“We need a unique partnership between Europe and China to disseminate the results of European science and reinforce Europe’s ascending soft power.

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