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A4E welcomes European Parliament decision to fast-track Digital Green Certificates proposal via urgent procedure

EU Reporter Correspondent

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  • Positive vote will facilitate operational use of the certificates by June.
  • A4E airlines working with regulators on technical specifications for the certificates.
  • A4E CEOs set out common framework needed for a summer restart.

A4E welcomed today’s (25 March) decision by the European Parliament to fast-track the European Commission’s Digital Green Certificates proposal using an Urgent Procedure. A positive decision by the European Council later today would set in motion a vote on the certificates by the end of April, facilitating the European Commission’s plan to have the certificates operational by June.

A4E airlines are working closely with national governments and the European Commission to provide input on the technical specifications needed to make the digital certificates -- or private apps which would use them – inter-operable by June. Several private solutions are currently being trialled by A4E airlines, including the AOK app, IATA Travel Pass, Verifly and others. These solutions will be key in enabling a scaling up of air travel going forward, gathering feedback both from the users as well as the technical providers, relevant authorities and airport staff before rolling them out on a wider level.

It is imperative that the EU ensures co-ordination and links the Digital Green Certificates to other digital solutions in development elsewhere. The ICAO Council’s recent approval of requirements for globally accepted COVID-19 test certificates[1], including the technology framework for secure digital versions -- and the future incorporation of vaccination certificates provides a global framework for further action, in line with WHO standards.

“We fully welcome today’s positive vote by the European Parliament to expedite a decision on the Digital Green Certificates proposal. The ball is now in the court of the European Council to make this happen”, said Thomas Reynaert, Managing Director, Airlines for Europe (A4E). 

“Whatever solution is offered to passengers this summer, it must be simple to use, inter-operable among EU countries and cover a passenger's vaccination, testing and recovery status. Most importantly, EU governments must take the responsibility for verifying the authenticity of these certificates. Airlines are happy to provide input and facilitate their use – but this work belongs with EU governments”, Reynaert added. 

“The Digital Green Certificate is one of several tools that we can use to unlock Europe and facilitate safe travel in a coordinated way”, said Johan Lundgren, easyJet CEO and A4E’s newly elected 2021 Chairman.

“With vaccination programmes under way, I am even more confident travel will be possible this summer. Airlines are ready to re-connect Europe and support economic recovery. I look forward to working with A4E members and policy leaders on this critical work ahead,” Lundgren added.

Progress on a common EU testing protocol is long overdue and would enable a safe restart of travel alongside the digital green certificates. Whilst the epidemiological situation in Europe is currently deteriorating, work on a pathway towards recovery -- making better use of rapid testing and the inter-operability of digital certificates, must progress.

At a press conference today, A4E CEOs urged EU governments to continue to work on a common framework to reinstate freedom of movement for European citizens when it is safe to do so. The CEOs called for vaccination and recovery certificates, in particular, to enable the elimination of all travel restrictions whilst recognizing that vaccination should not be mandatory in order to travel.

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Coronavirus variants: Commission calls for limiting essential travel from India

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The Commission calls on EU member states to take co-ordinated action to further restrict travel from India on a temporary basis, with a view to limiting the spread of the B.1.617.2 variant first detected in India. This follows a proposal of the World Health Organization on 10 May 2021 to change the classification of that variant from “variant of interest” to “variant of concern”. It is important to limit to the strict minimum the categories of travellers that can travel from India for essential reasons and to subject those who may still travel from India to strict testing and quarantine arrangements.

To ensure a fully co-ordinated and efficient response to this variant and taking into account the deteriorating health situation in India, the Commission proposes that member states apply an ‘emergency brake' on non-essential travel from India. On 3 May, the Commission had proposed to add an ‘emergency brake mechanism' to the Council recommendation on restrictions to non-essential travel.

Limited exemptions for those travelling for compelling reasons, subject to strict safeguards

The restrictions should not affect those travelling for compelling reasons such as for imperative family reasons or persons in need of international protection or for other humanitarian reasons. EU citizens and long-term residents, as well as their family members, should still be able to travel to Europe.

For those travellers, the Commission calls on member states to apply additional health-related measures such as strict testing and quarantine arrangements. These measures should apply regardless of whether the travellers have been vaccinated.

Next steps

Any restrictions on essential travel from India should be temporary and regularly reviewed. member states should assess their effectiveness in containing the new variant. When triggering the ‘emergency brake' mechanism to further restrict travel from a non-EU country, the member states meeting within the Council structures should review the situation together in a coordinated manner and in close co-operation with the Commission.

Background

A temporary restriction on non-essential travel to the EU is currently in place from many non-EU countries, including from India, based on a recommendation agreed by the Council.

Following a proposal by the Commission, the Council agreed on 2 February 2021 additional safeguards and restrictions for international travellers into the EU, aimed at ensuring that essential travel to the EU continues safely in the context of the emergence of new coronavirus variants and the volatile health situation worldwide.

On 3 May, the Commission proposed that member states ease the current restrictions on non-essential travel into the EU to take into account the progress of vaccination campaigns and developments in the epidemiological situation worldwide while putting in place a new ‘emergency brake mechanism', to address coronavirus variants. The ‘emergency brake mechanism' is a coordination mechanism intended to limit the risk of variants of interest and variants of concern entering the EU. It allows member states to act quickly and in a coordinated manner to temporarily limit to a strict minimum all travel from a non-EU country where the epidemiological situation worsens quickly and in particular where a variant of concern or interest is detected.

Variants of interest and variants of concern are assessed as such by the World Health Organisation (WHO) and for the EU by the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) based on key properties of the virus such as transmission, severity and ability to escape immune response.

The European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control has assessed the B.1.617.2 variant first detected in India as a variant of interest and keeps this assessment under constant review. Variants of interest are variants that show increased transmissibility and severity. On 10 May 2021, the World Health Organization proposed to change the classification of the B.1.617.2 variant from “variant of interest” to “variant of concern”.

Under the current Council Recommendation on the temporary restriction on non-essential travel into the EU, member states can temporarily limit the categories of essential travellers that can travel to the EU where the epidemiological situation worsens quickly and where a high incidence of variants of concern of the virus is detected. 

The Council recommendation covers all member states (except Ireland), as well as the four non-EU states that have joined the Schengen area: Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland. For the purpose of the travel restriction, these countries are covered in a similar way as the member states.

The latest information on the rules applying to entry from non-EU countries as communicated by member states are available on the Re-open EU website.

More information

Press release: Coronavirus: Commission proposes to ease restrictions on non-essential travel to the EU while addressing variants through new ‘emergency brake' mechanism, 3 May 2021

European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control threat assessment brief: Emergence of SARS-CoV-2 B.1.617 variants in India and situation in the EU/EEA, 11 May 2021

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'I'm finally here': Greece formally opens to tourists

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Tourists eat at the Monastiraki district, as the country's tourism season officially opens, in Athens, Greece May 15, 2021. REUTERS/Costas Baltas
Tourists visit the ancient temple of Hephaestus, as the country's tourism season officially opens, in Athens, Greece May 15, 2021. REUTERS/Costas Baltas

Greece formally opened to visitors on Saturday (15 May), kicking off a summer season it hopes will resurrect its vital tourism industry battered by the coronavirus pandemic.

After months of lockdown restrictions, Greece also opened its museums this week, including the Acropolis museum, home to renowned sculptures from Greek antiquity.

"I feel really alive and good because it has been such a hard and long year because of COVID," said Victoria Sanchez, a 22-year-old student on holiday from the Czech Republic.

"I feel again alive," she said, as she strolled near the Roman Agora in downtown Athens.

As of Saturday, foreign tourists will be allowed in Greece if they have been vaccinated or can show negative COVID-19 test results. Travel between regions, including to the islands, will also be allowed for those with negative tests or vaccinations.

"Greece is offering what people need," Tourism Minister Harry Theoharis tweeted. "Calm and care-free moments on the road towards normality."

Tourists in Athens were elated.

"I'm finally here," said Rebecca, a tourist in Athens from Florida, who declined to give her last name. "I've been waiting two years - two years with the COVID."

Greece has been rolling out vaccines to its islands and hopes to vaccinate most of them by the end of June. The government says vaccines and rapid testing, as well as warmer weather allowing outdoor activities, mean visitors can travel safely.

As the pandemic brought international travel to a halt in 2020, Greece suffered its worst year for tourism on record, with 7 million visitors compared with a record 33 million in 2019. Tourist revenues tumbled to 4 billion euros ($4.9 billion) from 18 billion euros.

This year, it is aiming for 40% of 2019 levels.

On the island of Mykonos, one flight was given a water salute upon landing. Four islands in the south Aegean, including Mykonos, received 32 international flights on Saturday from countries including Sweden, Germany and Qatar.

Corfu, in the Ionian sea, welcomed visitors from Germany and France.

"We are so happy. I'm happy to be here," said Pierre-Olivier Garcia, soon after arriving on the island.

Greeks also welcomed the lifting of lockdown measures, with scores of people leaving for the islands or holiday homes on the mainland on Saturday.

"The first weekend of freedom," Alpha TV proclaimed during a broadcast from the busy port of Piraeus.

Greece fared better than much of Europe during the first wave of the pandemic, but rising infections later in 2020 forced it to impose several lockdowns to protect its struggling health system.

A country of 11 million, it has recorded 373,881 infections and 11,322 deaths.

($1 = 0.8237 euros)

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Italian study shows COVID-19 infections, deaths plummeting after jabs

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COVID-19 infections in adults of all ages fell by 80% five weeks after a first dose of Pfizer (PFE.N), Moderna (MRNA.O) or AstraZeneca (AZN.L) vaccine, according to Italian research published on Saturday (15 May).

The first such study by a European Union country on the real-world impact of its immunisation campaign was carried out by Italy's National Institute of Health (ISS) and the Ministry of Health on 13.7 million people vaccinated nationwide.

Scientists started studying data from the day Italy's vaccination campaign began, on Dec. 27 2020, until May 3 2021.

The analysis showed that the risk of SARS-CoV-2 infection, hospitalisation, and death decreased progressively after the first two weeks following the initial vaccination.

"As of 35 days after the first dose, there is an 80% reduction in infections, 90% reduction in hospitalisations, and 95% reduction in deaths," the ISS said, adding that the same pattern was seen in both men and women regardless of age.

"This data confirms the effectiveness of the vaccination campaign and the need to achieve high coverage across the population quickly to end the emergency," ISS president Silvio Brusaferro said in the statement.

Among the nearly 14 million people included in the Italian study, 95% of those who had taken Pfizer and Moderna had completed the vaccine cycle, while none of those given AstraZeneca had received a second dose.

Up until now, Italy has been following the makers' recommendations, giving a second dose of Pfizer three weeks after the first, a second dose of Moderna after a four week gap and a second dose of AstraZeneca after a 12 week gap.

As of Saturday morning, some 8.3 million Italians, or 14% of the population, were completely vaccinated, while around 10 million people had received a first jab.

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