Ladies and gentlemen,
Thank you for inviting me here this morning (14 April).
In just a few weeks, the European Commission will present its strategy for building a Digital Single Market.
As you may know, it will be based on three policy pillars that are designed to unlock the potential of the digital economy and build a digital future for Europe.
To turn this vision into reality and create an open, fair and seamless online environment, several market barriers need to be removed. Consumers could save €11.7 billion per year if they could choose from a range of goods and services from across the EU's 28 countries when they shop online.
Then we need solid and appropriate infrastructure to make it all work. That means addressing issues relating to telecoms and online platforms, for example.
But this is not only about fixing the short term, not only about getting rid of longstanding annoyances like geo-blocking.
It is a lot more. This is about Europe's future. The strategy looks further ahead, to prepare for new growth as the world advances in areas like cloud computing, the Internet of Things – and not forgetting the rapid growth of big data.
Further integrating the digital economy with the physical world has a natural impact on the workforce. Technical progress gives the IT sector immense power to create but also destroy jobs – something we should not forget.
But I believe there will still be a net gain in employment.
The McKinsey Global Institute, for example, has estimated that over a 15-year period in France, the internet destroyed 500,000 jobs but created 1.2 million new ones at the same time.
In a separate analysis, a global SME survey showed 2.6 jobs created for every one that was lost.
Nobody creates more jobs than startups and other young companies; they provide around 50% of all jobs created. This is why everything we do in the Digital Single Market strategy aims to strongly support startups: to help them scale up fast, expand beyond national borders and allow them to make the best use of a digital European market. This is one part of the economy that is largely "born digital".
But let me talk about European industry, which needs to be at the forefront of the ICT revolution to serve the markets of the future.
The potential from digitising industry is huge – just think of automation, sustainable and clean manufacturing, processing technologies, for example.
And not to forget the potential for increasing flexibility, efficiency, productivity, competitiveness – all helping to create jobs.
But so far, digitising EU business and industry has been rather slow.
Their use of advanced digital technologies - mobile, social media, cloud, big data - is even slower. Only 1.7% of EU companies make full use of such technology, while 41% say they are not using any of them.
It is not only industry and the private sector that can benefit from turning digital. Public services can also become more efficient, and save taxpayer's money too.
I will just mention a few estimates of the savings Europe could make:
- a 'digital by default strategy' across the EU public sector could save €10bn a year.
- putting the 'once only' principle into effect EU-wide could save some €5bn per year by 2017.
- e-invoicing in public procurement across the EU could save up to € 2.3bn.
While the EU is due to transition to full e-procurement by October 2018, progress towards this has been slow in many countries.
Then, ladies and gentlemen, there is the digital skills gap.
Despite rapid growth in the ICT sector, creating some 120,000 new jobs a year, Europe could face a shortage of more than 800,000 skilled ICT workers by 2020.
Why? Nearly 20% of Europeans have never used the internet and around 40% do not yet possess the adequate digital skills to fill these vacancies.
This is not a new issue – my predecessor Neelie Kroes talked about this a good deal during her five years here in Brussels.
I think it is time that we ask how this situation has come about. Also, what we can do about it, perhaps on an EU-wide basis – because some level of blame must lie with member states.
The Commission has been working for some years to help and guide in this area. But we still see big differences in skills levels between EU countries, and different implementation of national skills programmes designed to minimise Europe's digital divide.
What about the future? After all, this is what the Digital Single Market is about.
Data is all important, the basis of everything digital.
It is important as a commodity in its own right, potentially as important to business and society as the internet has become.
Efficient use of data is estimated to raise productivity of businesses by 5%.
Firstly, we need to make sure data is properly protected. Only then can people fully trust online services and have the confidence to use them, especially across borders. That will also give a much-needed boost to e-commerce, for buyers as much as for sellers.
We want to finalize the reform of EU data protection rules as soon as possible. But there is more, because there are other aspects of data to be considered: ownership and management of data flows, use and re-use of data. Management and storage of data.
Take big data – a good example of an emerging area of economic growth, jobs and innovation.
This sector is growing by 40% every year.
Global big data technology and services are set to grow from €3 billion in 2010 to €16 billion this year – seven times more quickly than the overall IT market.
To me, that is the kind of rapid growth that means hundreds of thousands of new jobs across Europe in the coming years.
But is Europe ready for the advent of big data? Perhaps not yet: 29% of larger EU companies see themselves as ready. But more than 50% say they are not.
Another area of obvious growth is cloud computing, across all sectors of the European economy. By 2020, it is due to expand to almost five times its market size in 2013: meaning more value to the economy, more jobs, more innovation.
Since much more data is likely to be stored in the cloud in the years ahead, it is vital to address issues like data storage, ownership and management sooner rather than later.
Lastly, the app economy. In Europe, this is growing fast: a rate of 12% since 2013. This growth is likely to continue, given the consumer boom in things like tablets and wearable devices.
Today the app economy employs 1.8 million people. This is expected to rise to 4.8 million by 2018 – 3 million more jobs in a few years.
Ladies and gentlemen,
These are just a few of the issues and challenges that lie ahead with the Digital Single Market.
Going digital is a complex task: almost every aspect of our lives is affected.
Thank you – and I am ready to take your questions and hear your views.
EU to step up digital push with digital identity wallet
The European Commission will today (3 June) announce plans for a digital identity wallet to allow Europeans to access public and private services, prompted in part by the COVID-19 pandemic which has seen a massive surge in online services, writes Foo Yun Chee.
The move also seeks to counter the growing popularity of digital wallets offered by Apple (AAPL.O), Alphabet (GOOGL.O) unit Google, Thales (TCFP.PA) and financial institutions which critics say could pose privacy and data protection concerns.
The digital identity wallet "can be used anywhere in the EU to identify and authenticate for access to services in the public and private sectors, allowing citizens to control what data is communicated and how it is used", according to a Commission document reviewed by Reuters.
The wallet will also enable qualified electronic signatures that can facilitate political participation, the 73-page document said.
The adoption of an electronic wallet could generate as much as 9.6 billion euros ($11.7 billion) in benefits for the EU and create as many as 27,000 jobs over a five-year period, the document said.
By reducing emissions related to public services, the e-wallet could also have a positive environmental impact, the document said.
Currently 14 EU countries have their own digital identity schemes, of which only seven are mobile apps.
($1 = €0.8189)
Digital Assembly 2021: Leading Europe's Digital Decade
On 1 and 2 June 2021, the European Commission and the Portuguese Presidency of the Council of the European Union will host the Digital Assembly, which this year will be dedicated to Europe's Digital Decade. This high-level event will focus on the EU targets for 2030 for the Digital Decade and on the Digital Europe Programme, a new €7.5 billion funding programme for the deployment of European digital projects. The event will bring together ministers from several member states, representatives of the European Parliament and the Commission, as well as representatives of the private sector and the civil society. They will discuss ways to promote European leadership across the areas and the 2030 targets outlined in the Commission's Digital Decade Communication, including on digital skills, digital transformation of businesses, high-speed connectivity and secure and sustainable digital infrastructure, as well as digitisation of public services.
The discussions will also focus on how European values and rights can best be promoted and protected in the digital world. On the first day of the Digital Assembly, the President of the European Commission, Ursula von der Leyen, will present the preparations for a joint inter-institutional Declaration of digital rights and principles for the Digital Decade. The Prime Minister of Portugal, António Costa, will present the Lisbon Declaration, which will contribute to these preparations. The upcoming Declaration of digital rights and principles for the Digital Decade will include commitments such as ensuring access to high-quality connectivity across Europe, promoting digital skills to all citizens, and building a fair online world without discriminations. More information is available in this joint press release by the European Commission and the Portuguese Presidency of the Council of the European Union.
Digital transformation could turbocharge CEE economies
With some of the fastest average internet speeds in the EU, there are several nations in Central Eastern Europe (CEE) who stand to benefit from expansion of their connectivity infrastructures and enhanced digitalization of their business sectors. In Romania, for example, a recent survey in which PwC polled a number of executives revealed that Romanian companies have sharply ratcheted up their digitalization over the past year. More than 40% of the executives polled estimated that they were two or three years ahead of schedule in terms of digitalization—a trend which would only be accelerated further by removing regulatory barriers to digitalization and offering targeted support to SMEs, writes Colin Stevens.
In Hungary, meanwhile, average broadband connections are in the top 10 worldwide – but availability in more remote areas is less developed. Given that small- to medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) comprise 99% of all business across Europe, and that SMEs often operate outside of large urban metropoles, addressing connectivity deficits is a key step in driving CEE economies forward as they seek to extricate themselves from the lengthy and deleterious downturn engendered by the Covid-19 pandemic.
Bucharest looking to boost digital performance
Romania accelerated its push towards a deep-seated digital transformation last year with the creation of the Authority for Digitalization of Romania (ADR), with the goal to set up digital tools for public and private institutions in order to drive digitalization forward. Regulatory obstacles are apparently the second biggest barrier to the digitalization of Romanian SMEs, so it’s hoped that the ADR will be able to help address such issues effectively.
The other main difficulty for SMEs in Romania to overcome is a lack of financial resources. Given that studies have shown that digitalization produces an average increase in revenue of 25% and reduces costs by 22% in SMEs, getting over the first hurdle appears to the biggest challenge facing the sector. With EU member states able to access 13% of the funds allocated to them in the Next Generation recovery instrument this year, Bucharest would do well to use that money to support SMEs in the country, since the long-term benefits of doing so could be huge. Indeed, a recent report from Deloitte found that digitalization of European services and supply chains could boost Romanian productivity by 16.7% and GDP by 16.5%.
Hungarian potential hampered by practicalities
As for Romania’s neighbor to the west, Hungary’s average internet speed of 99Mbps is the fastest in the CEE region, outstripping all of the Big 5 economies in Europe by some distance. However, the country’s overall digital performance could be improved; it is ranked 21 out of 28 EU member states in the Digital Economy and Society Index (DESI) for 2020, with connectivity the only metric in which it outperforms the European average. That deficit is costing the country a potential €9 billion per year, according to a study by McKinsey.
Commerce is one of the key areas which must be addressed by the Hungarian government if it is to access those untapped resources. The fact that 62% of Hungarian SMEs (and 82.3% of all businesses) regard Industry 4.0 as a priority in the years ahead is encouraging, but that positivity is immediately offset by the pitifully low percentage of them (8.5% of SMEs and 18.6% of all businesses) which actually have a viable plan in place. Managing this transition and providing the resources and expertise which business owners need to upgrade their operational models will be key to unlocking that lucrative potential and the raft of other benefits that digitalization brings.
UK offers educational case study
Regional CEE governments on the lookout for inspiration could do worse than to examine the Broadband Connection Voucher Scheme that was implemented in the UK between 2014 and 2016. Covering 50 cities across the country, the initiative allowed 42,500 SMEs to improve their connectivity speeds by an average of 18 times their previous velocity. That resulted in an average profit of £1,300 each year per company, with an overall return on the government’s investment of £8 for every £1 spent. The fact that only 17% of the funding went to the three biggest providers was also instrumental in encouraging competition and consumer choice in the sector.
For its part, the EU is introducing a similar €200 million scheme in Italy, though at the moment it is reserved exclusively for use by low-income families and students. While the initiative could play a vital role in allowing the bloc to achieve its goal of connecting 50% or more of European households to broadband networks with a speed of 100Mbps or higher, the latent potential of the policy is far greater. Were the EU to open it up to businesses as well, that would signify a true leveraging of the digital single market and a statement that member state economies and businesses are amply supported by Brussels.
CEE countries must act now to leverage EU aid
The rewards of doing so could be incredible for all involved. In fiscal terms, one report found that new digital technologies could deliver cumulative GDP benefits of €2.2 trillion across the bloc by 2030. The environment could also benefit, with improved fuel consumption (facilitated by the Internet of Things technology) saving up to 4.8 tonnes of carbon emissions annually, while public health would prosper thanks to the 165,000 deaths that could be prevented each year by a full rollout of eHealth services.
Therefore, it makes prudent sense for the EU and individual CEE governments to put their heads together and settle upon a course for utilizing the former’s funds and the latter’s policies to equip their business communities with the tools they need to excel. The internet speeds in Hungary, Romania and other CEE countries are already brisk enough to facilitate their success; all that’s required now is a similarly clipped pace in accelerating the digital transformation across the board.
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