The gambling market is regulated in the UK by the Gambling Commission and it is regarded as one of the safest in the world. This has provided casual players with an incentive to try Internet games and bingo fans were among them. Unlike those who prefer poker, slots or table games, bingo enthusiasts are mostly recreational punters. As soon as they were convinced that online bingo is safe and celebrates the social nature of the game, they jumped on the bandwagon.
Bingo is perfect for casual players
Not all gamblers take the game of choice overly serious and many prefer to regard it as a pleasant pastime. This is the healthy and safe approach and bingo fans are some of the most balanced individuals. Many of them were drawn to online bingo by convenience, as they had the option of playing on the go at convenient hours. All newly launched casino sites in the UK must abide by vigorous regulation and licensing procedure by the UKGC. Bingo parlours are fun places that stimulate interactions between players, yet they require people to dress up, leave the house and get to their destination to play.
Over the internet, online bingo provides players with a secure environment to gamble whenever they have the time. A gaming session can take only a few minutes or several hours based on the punters’ availability and willingness to play. Luck determines the outcome of the game, so absolute beginners and veterans have precisely the same chances to prevail. This is the recipe for success when it comes to recreational punters, as they don’t have the time, energy and drive to learn complex games. As long as they are lucky, they can thrive playing online bingo, not to mention the games can be tried for free.
Online bingo is still a social game
One of the biggest fears for those who are contemplating the possibility to migrate to online bingo was the lack of human touch. Interactions with fellow players are essential and British punters had plenty of local bingo parlors to facilitate them. Online bingo parlors were quick to respond with chat rooms and features that allowed players to talk to each other. The numbers are called automatically, so the community relies heavily on the willingness of its members to communicate while they play.
British players fully enjoy the game because even though bingo is played against fellow punters, someone always wins. Compared to classic casino games where there is a strong possibility for the house to win at the expense of participating players, bingo is certain to make a winner. It goes without saying that the online ventures hosting the games also profit, but the house edge is reasonable. Internet bingo is here to stay and as more gambling operators add the game to their collection, the number of active players is expected to grow. The British audience is particularly valuable for the online bingo rooms, so UK players are entitled to expect ever better games, bonuses and promotions when they play bingo online.
Issuance of green bonds will strengthen the international role of the euro
Eurogroup ministers discussed the international role of the euro (15 February), following the publication of the European Commission's communication of (19 January), ‘The European economic and financial system: fostering strength and resilience’.
President of the Eurogroup, Paschal Donohoe said: “The aim is to reduce our dependence on other currencies, and to strengthen our autonomy in various situations. At the same time, increased international use of our currency also implies potential trade-offs, which we will continue to monitor. During the discussion, ministers emphasized the potential of green bond issuance to enhance the use of the euro by the markets while also contributing to achieving our climate transition objective.”
The Eurogroup has discussed the issue several times in recent years since the December 2018 Euro Summit. Klaus Regling, the managing director of the European Stability Mechanism said that overreliance on the dollar contained risks, giving Latin America and the Asian crisis of the 90s as examples. He also referred obliquely to “more recent episodes” where the dollar’s dominance meant that EU companies could not continue to work with Iran in the face of US sanctions. Regling believes that the international monetary system is slowly moving towards a multi-polar system where three or four currencies will be important, including the dollar, euro and renminbi.
European Commissioner for the Economy, Paolo Gentiloni, agreed that the euro’s role could be strengthened through the issuance of green bonds enhancing the use of the euro by the markets while also contributing to achieving our climate objectives of the Next Generation EU funds.
Ministers agreed that broad action to support the international role of the euro, encompassing progress on amongst other things, Economic and Monetary Union, Banking Union and Capital Markets Union were needed to secure the euros international role.
European human rights court backs Germany over Kunduz airstrike case
The ruling by the Strasbourg-based court rejects a complaint by Afghan citizen Abdul Hanan, who lost two sons in the attack, that Germany did not fulfil its obligation to effectively investigate the incident.
In September 2009, the German commander of NATO troops in Kunduz called in a U.S. fighter jet to strike two fuel trucks near the city which NATO believed had been hijacked by Taliban insurgents.
The Afghan government said at the time 99 people, including 30 civilians, were killed. Independent rights groups estimated between 60 and 70 civilians were killed.
The death toll shocked Germans and ultimately forced its defence minister to resign over accusations of covering up the number of civilian casualties in the run-up to Germany’s 2009 election.
Germany’s federal prosecutor general had found that the commander did not incur criminal liability, mainly because he was convinced when he ordered the airstrike that no civilians were present.
For him to be liable under international law, he would have had to be found to have acted with intent to cause excessive civilian casualties.
The European Court of Human Rights considered the effectiveness of Germany’s investigation, including whether it established a justification for lethal use of force. It did not consider the legality of the airstrike.
Of 9,600 NATO troops in Afghanistan, Germany has the second-largest contingent behind the United States.
A 2020 peace agreement between the Taliban and Washington calls for foreign troops to withdraw by May 1, but U.S. President Joe Biden’s administration is reviewing the deal after a deterioration in the security situation in Afghanistan.
Germany is preparing to extend the mandate for its military mission in Afghanistan from March 31 until the end of this year, with troop levels remaining at up to 1,300, according to a draft document seen by Reuters.
Digitalization of EU justice systems: Commission launches public consultation on cross-border judicial co-operation
On 16 February, the European Commission launched a public consultation on the modernization of EU justice systems. The EU aims to support member states in their efforts to adapt their justice systems to the digital age and improve EU cross-border judicial co-operation. Justice Commissioner Didier Reynders (pictured) said: “The COVID-19 pandemic has further highlighted the importance of digitalization, including in the field of justice. Judges and lawyers need digital tools to be able to work together faster and more efficiently.
At the same time, citizens and businesses need online tools for an easier and more transparent access to justice at a lower cost. The Commission strives to push this process forward and support member states in their efforts, including as regards facilitating their cooperation in cross-border judicial procedures by using digital channels.” In December 2020, the Commission adopted a communication outlining the actions and initiatives intended to advance the digitalization of justice systems across the EU.
The public consultation will gather views on the digitalization of EU cross-border civil, commercial and criminal procedures. The results of the public consultation, in which a broad range of groups and individuals can participate and which is available here until 8 May 2021, will feed into an initiative on digitalisation of cross-border judicial cooperation expected at the end of this year as announced in the 2021 Commission's Work Programme.
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