The European Commission is attempting to redress the balance regarding public access to information and justice regarding the environmental impact of industrial activity, as well as the ability of NGOs to demand reviews of administrative acts. As the Commission’s activity progresses, there are likely to be far-ranging consequences, including a more robust voice for those opposing developments such as the planned mineral wool plant in Soissons, France, where there has been vocal opposition to the new production facilities on environmental and health grounds, writes Martin Banks.
In September, the European Commission concluded the evaluation of the Industrial Emissions Directive 2010/75 (IED), which had started in 2018. The Commission deemed the industrial emissions law effective but saw room for improvement. Among other things, public access to information and justice had only somewhat improved. The areas where the performance of the IED was not satisfactory would be central to the review of the IED, which the Commission has formally started earlier this year. In its 2001 Work Programme the Commission said in October that it plans to make a legislative proposal by the end of next year.In October, the European Commission published a roadmap on EU Action Plan towards a Zero Pollution Ambition for air, water and soil.
This Action Plan will aim to better prevent and remedy pollution from air, water, soil and consumer products. In particular, the Commission will focus on strengthening implementation, enforcing existing EU law, and consider the need to improve the existing EU health and environment rules by reviewing the evaluations and impact assessments relating to the pollution of air, water and the marine environment, as well as road transport, industrial emissions and waste, among others.
The Commission is conducting an online public consultation until February 2021. It intends to adopt the Action Plan in the second quarter of 2021.In October, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a Regulation and a Communication on improving access to environmental justice under the Aarhus Convention. The legislative proposal would expand the rights of NGOs to demand reviews of administrative acts. In the accompanying communication the Commission pointed to systemic shortcomings concerning the implementation of access to justice in environmental matters at the national level.
It asked member states to resolve problems faced by NGOs in obtaining legal standing to bring legal challenges and other procedural hurdles, such as prohibitively high costs.The European Commission’s approach is in contrast to that of the national government in France, which had been promoting a bill to cut red tape for companies building new factories there. The French policy has been criticised by NGOs such as Notre Affaire à Tous, which defends access to environmental justice and sued the French state for alleged climate inaction. They have sent a letter to France's Constitutional Court warning that some of the bill's provisions could breach the country's Environmental Charter.
Belgian artist's 'portable oasis' creates COVID-free bubble for one
When governments around Europe told people to create a "bubble" to limit their social contacts during the COVID-19 pandemic, this was probably not what they had in mind, write Bart Biesemans and Clement Rossignol.
Alain Verschueren, a Belgian artist and social worker, has been strolling through the capital Brussels wearing a "portable oasis" - a plexiglass mini-greenhouse which rests on his shoulders, cocooning him in a bubble of air purified by the aromatic plants inside.
Verschueren, 61, developed the idea 15 years ago, inspired by the lush oases in Tunisia where he had previously worked. In a city where face coverings are mandatory to curb the spread of COVID-19, his invention has gained a new lease of life.
"It was about creating a bubble in which I could lock myself in, to cut myself off a world that I found too dull, too noisy or smelly," Verschueren said, adding that he has asthma and finds breathing within his contraption more comfortable than wearing a facemask.
Belgian artist Alain Verschueren wears his "Portable Oasis" while performing in a street, saying he wanted to be in his bubble in the middle of the city, amid the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreak in Brussels, Belgium 16 April. REUTERS/Yves Herman
"As time went by, I noticed that people were coming up to me and talking to me. This isolation became much more a way of connecting," he said.
Onlookers in Brussels appeared amused and confused by the man wandering between the shops - mostly closed due to COVID-19 restrictions - encased in a pod of thyme, rosemary and lavender plants.
"Is it a greenhouse? Is it for the bees? Is it for the plants? We don't know, but it's a good idea," Charlie Elkiess, a retired jeweller, told Reuters.
Verschueren said he hoped to encourage people to take better care of the environment, to reduce the need to protect ourselves from air and noise pollution.
Indo-Pacific: Council adopts conclusions on EU strategy for co-operation
The Council approved conclusions on an EU strategy for cooperation in the Indo-Pacific, setting out the EU’s intention to reinforce its strategic focus, presence and actions in this region of prime strategic importance for EU interests. The aim is to contribute to regional stability, security, prosperity and sustainable development, at a time of rising challenges and tensions in the region.
The renewed EU commitment to the Indo-Pacific, a region spanning from the east coast of Africa to the Pacific island states, will have a long-term focus and will be based on upholding democracy, human rights, the rule of law and respect for international law.
Current dynamics in the Indo-Pacific have given rise to intense geopolitical competition adding to increasing tensions on trade and supply chains as well as in technological, political and security areas. Human rights are also being challenged. These developments increasingly threaten the stability and security of the region and beyond, directly impacting on the EU’s interests.
Consequently, the EU’s approach and engagement will look to foster a rules-based international order, a level playing field, as well as an open and fair environment for trade and investment, reciprocity, the strengthening of resilience, tackling climate change and supporting connectivity with the EU. Free and open maritime supply routes in full compliance with international law remain crucial. The EU will look to work together with its partners in the Indo-Pacific on these issues of common interest.
The EU will continue to develop partnerships in the areas of security and defence, including to address maritime security, malicious cyber activities, disinformation, emerging technologies, terrorism, and organized crime.
The EU and its regional partners will also work together in order to mitigate the economic and human effects of the COVID-19 pandemic and work towards ensuring an inclusive and sustainable socio-economic recovery.
The Council tasked the High Representative and the Commission with putting forward a Joint Communication on co-operation in the Indo-Pacific by September 2021.
The conclusions were adopted by the Council by written procedure.
Conference on the Future of Europe: Make your voice heard
Share your views on the EU, organize events across Europe and discuss with others through the new digital platform on the Conference on the Future of Europe, EU affairs.
Launched on 19 April, the platform is the multilingual hub of the Conference on the Future of Europe that will allow people to get involved and suggest what changes need to take place in the EU. Europeans will also be able to see what others propose, comment on them and endorse ideas.
The EU institutions have committed to listening to what people say and to following up on the recommendations made. The Conference is expected to reach conclusions by the spring of 2022.
How do you take part?
Choose a topic that interests you. It could be anything from climate change to digital issues or EU democracy. If you don’t see a category with your topic, share your opinion in the Other Ideas category.
Once you are in a specific category, you can read the introduction and explore some useful links. On the Ideas tab, you can share your views and find the ideas of others. Join the discussion by leaving a comment, or vote for ideas you like so that more people can find them.
You can submit your comment in any of the EU's official 24 languages. All comments can be translated automatically in any of the other languages.
Under the Events tab, you can explore events organised online or near you, register for an event or prepare your own.
The platform fully respects users’ privacy and EU data protection rules.
What happens when you submit an opinion?
The submitted opinions and the debate they initiate will be the basis for discussions in citizens’ panels that will be organised across the EU at regional, national and European level. These panels will include people from different backgrounds so that they can be representative of the whole population of the EU.
The conclusions of the different panels will be then presented at a plenary session of the Conference, which will bring together citizens, representatives of EU institutions and national parliaments.
Join the discussion on social media about the Conference with the hashtag #TheFutureIsYours.
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