MEPs start discussions on proposed rules for travel certificates and consider speeding up approval of vaccines adapted against COVID-19 variants, EU affairs.
Digital Green Certificate
The civil liberties committee holds a debate on Tuesday morning (13 April) on the introduction of a Digital Green Certificate that would indicate whether a traveller within the EU has been vaccinated against COVID-19, has had a recent negative test result or has recovered from the virus. Parliament agreed in March to fast-track the legislative procedure so that the certificate can help establish the conditions for safe and easy travel over the summer.
New COVID-19 variants might require adaptations of already approved vaccines. The public health committee will discuss a procedure to speed up approvals of such adaptations on Thursday (15 April) and vote on it the next day.
Ban on caged farm animals
A Citizens’ Initiative advocating a ban on keeping farm animals in cages will be discussed during a public hearing on Thursday morning. The organizers of the End the Cage Age initiative, MEPs, Commissioners and experts will take part.
On Tuesday the foreign affairs committee will vote on Parliament's position on EU-India relations, ahead of a summit scheduled for 8 May.
Broadcasting of live sports events
Digital piracy hurts the organisers of live sports events, but it also poses risks for online users as they might be exposed to malware or data theft. The legal affairs committee votes Tuesday on a report that proposes solutions to the problem.
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EU countries should ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health
MEPs urge member states to protect and further enhance women’s sexual and reproductive health and rights in a report adopted today (11 May).
In the draft report approved by the Committee on Women’s Rights and Gender Equality by 27 votes in favour, six against and one abstention, MEPs point out that the right to health, in particular sexual and reproductive health rights (SRHR), are fundamental women’s rights which should be enhanced and cannot in any way be watered down or withdrawn.
They add that violations of women’s SRHR are a form of violence against women and girls and hinder progress towards gender equality. They thus call on EU countries to ensure access to a full range of high-quality, comprehensive and accessible SRHR, and remove all barriers impeding full access to these services.
Access to abortion, contraception and sexuality education
Women’s Rights and Gender Equality MEPs stress that some member states still have highly restrictive laws prohibiting abortion except in strictly defined circumstances, leading to women having to seek clandestine abortions or carry their pregnancy to term against their will, which is a violation of their human rights. Thus, they urge all member states to ensure universal access to safe and legal abortion, and guarantee that abortion at request is legal in early pregnancy, and beyond if the pregnant person’s health is in danger. They also recall that a total ban on abortion care is a form a gender-based violence.
Furthermore, MEPs demand that EU countries ensure universal access to a range of high-quality contraceptive methods and supplies, family counselling and information on contraception.
They also urge member states to ensure access to comprehensive sexuality education for primary and secondary school children, as SRHR education can significantly contribute to reducing sexual violence and harassment.
The negative impact of the pandemic on women’s health
Regretting that access to abortion continues to be limited during the COVID-19 crisis, as well as the effects the pandemic has had on the supply and access to contraceptives, MEPs urge EU countries to consider the health impact of this crisis through a gender lens and ensure the continuation of a full range of SRHR services through the health systems.
Rapporteur Pedrag Matić (S&D, HR) said: ‘‘In the text adopted today, we clearly call on member states to ensure universal access to SRHR for all, and demonstrate there is strength in the EP to counter those opposing basic human rights. Sexuality education, access to contraception and fertility treatments as well as abortion constitute some of the key components of SRHR services. This is an important step in ensuring that all EU citizens have access to SRHR and that no person is left behind in exercising their right to health.
- Procedure file
- Press release - Polish de facto ban on abortion puts women’s lives at risk, says Parliament (26.11.2020)
- EP resolution on the de facto ban on the right to abortion in Poland (26.11.2020)
- EP resolution on experiencing backlash in women’s rights and gender equality in the EU (13.02.2019)
- EP Research Service - COVID-19: The need for a gendered response (February 2021)
- Committee on Women’s Rights and Gender Equality
Digital transformation: Importance, benefits and EU policy
Learn how the EU is helping to shape a digital transformation in Europe to benefit people, companies and the environment. The digital transformation is one of the EU's priorities. The European Parliament is helping to shape the policies that will strengthen Europe's capacities in new digital technologies, open new opportunities for businesses and consumers, support the EU's green transition and help it to reach climate neutrality by 2050, support people's digital skills and training for workers, and help digitalize public services, while ensuring the respect of basic rights and values, Society .
MEPs are preparing to vote on a report on shaping the digital future of Europe, calling on the Europea Commission to further tackle challenges posed by the digital transition, especially to take advantage of the opportunities of the digital single market and to improve the use of artificial intelligence. What is digital transformation?
- Digital transformation is the integration of digital technologies by companies and the impact of the technologies on society.
- Digital platforms, the Internet of Things, cloud computing and artificial intelligence are among the technologies affecting ...
- ... sectors from transport to energy, agri-food, telecommunications, financial services, factory production and health care, and transforming people's lives.
- Technologies could help to optimise production, reduce emissions and waste, boost companies' competitive advantages and bring new services and products to consumers.
Funding of the EU's digital priorities
Digital plays an essential role in all EU policies. The Covid crisis accentuated the need for a response that will benefit society and competitiveness in the long run. Digital solutions present important opportunities and are essential to ensuring Europe's recovery and competitive position in the global economy.
The EU's plan for economic recovery demands that member states allocate at least 20% of the €672.5 billion Recovery and Resilience Facility to digital transition. Investment programmes such as the research and innovation-centred Horizon Europe and infrastructure-centred Connecting Europe Facility allocate substantial amounts for digital advancements as well.
While the general EU policy is to endorse digital goals through all programmes, some investment programmes and new rules specifically aim to achieve them.
Digital Europe programme
In April 2021, Parliament adopted the Digital Europe programme, the EU’s first financial instrument focused specifically on bringing technology to businesses and people. It aims to invest in digital infrastructure so that strategic technologies can help boost Europe’s competitiveness and green transition, as well as ensure technological sovereignty. It will invest €7.6bn in five areas: supercomputing (€2.2bn), arfitifical intelligence (€2.1bn), cybersecurity (€1.6bn), advanced digital skills (€0.6bn), and ensuring a wide use of digital technologies across the economy and society (€1.1bn).
Online safety and platform economy
Online platforms are an important part of the economy and people's lives. They present significant opportunities as marketplaces and are important communication channels. However, there also pose significant challenges.
The EU is working on new digital services legislation, aiming to foster competitiveness, innovation and growth, while boosting online security, tackling illegal content, and ensuring the protection of free speech, press freedom and democracy.
Among measures to ensure safety online, the Parliament adopted new rules to prevent the dissemination of terrorist content online in April 2021. MEPs are also considering rules on a new European cybersecurity centre.
Artificial intelligence and data strategy
Artificial intelligence (AI) could benefit people by imroving health care, making cars safer and enabling tailored services. It can improve production processes and bring a competitive advantage to European businesses, including in sectors where EU companies already enjoy strong positions, such as the green and circular economy, machinery, farming and tourism.
To ensure Europe makes the most of AI's potential, MEPs have accentuated the need for human-centric AI legislation, aimed at establishing a framework that will be trustworthy, can implement ethical standards, support jobs, help build competitive “AI made in Europe” and influence global standards. The Commission presented its proposal for AI regulation on 21 April 2021.
Read more on how MEPs want to regulate artificial intelligence.
The success of AI development in Europe ilargely depends on a successful European data strategy. Parliament has stressed the potential of industrial and public data for EU companies and researchers and called for European data spaces, big data infrastructure and legislation that will contribute to trustworthiness.
Digital skills and education
The Covid-19 pandemic has demonstrated how important digital skills are for work and interactions, but has also accentuated the digital skills gap and the need to increase digital education. The Parliament wants the European skills agenda to ensure people and businesses can take full advantage of technological advancements.
42% of EU citizens lack basic digital skil
Fair taxation of the digital economy
Most tax rules were established well before the digital economy existed. To reduce tax avoidance and make taxes fairer, MEPs are calling for a global minimum tax rate and new taxation rights that would allow more taxes to be paid where value is created and not where tax rates are lowest.
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More on Europe's digital policies
- A Europe fit for the digital age (European Commission)
- Europe's Digital Compass (Commission proposal)
- At a glance: Digital Europe programme
- EU's long-term budget
- Parliament approves seven-year EU budget 2021-2027
- The EU’s long-term budget explained
- Covid-19: the EU plan for the economic recovery
- Rule of law: new mechanism aims to protect EU budget and values
- MEPs clear another hurdle for the COVID-19 recovery plan
- Rule of Law mechanism applies without further delay as of 1 January, MEPs stress
- Why has Parliament called for new EU revenue-raising powers?
- Vote on Own Resources: MEPs clear way for COVID-19 recovery plan
- Covid-19 recovery: how the main EU instrument will work
- President Sassoli to EU leaders: help get the budget negotiations moving again
- Debate on EU budget and recovery: “A deal in the Council is not the final deal”
- Video: what is the multiannual financial framework?
- Long-term EU budget deal: a “win-win” result to face the challenges ahead
- Sassoli on budget negotiations: Parliament is not obstructing anything
- Budget and recovery: no more excuses for delays, says budgets committee chair
- EU budget: Parliament pushes for new revenue sources
- MEPs debate recovery fund, condemn major cuts to long-term EU budget
- MEPs debate EU summit results on long-term budget, rule of law, climate
- InvestEU: EU programme to encourage investment
- Health threats: boosting EU readiness and crisis management
- Horizon Europe: how the EU invests in science (infographics)
- MEPs adopt landmark research programme Horizon Europe
- LIFE programme: more EU support for climate action
- Digital transformation: importance, benefits and EU policy
- Covid-19: boosting EU’s response capacity for emergencies
- EU long-term budget deal must be improved for Parliament to accept it
- Sassoli calls for action on recovery: "Our citizens expect bold action"
- Budget and recovery: MEPs push for clarity on EU own resources
- Sassoli: The decisions we will take will reshape the Union for decades
- Covid-19 recovery fund must be added to EU long-term budget
- Parliament: EU27 need €2 trillion recovery package to tackle COVID-19 fallout
- The EU’s Covid-19 recovery plan should prioritise climate
- COVID-19: MEPs call for massive recovery package and Coronavirus Solidarity Fund
- Sassoli: Parliament won’t accept just any long-term budget agreement
- Rebuilding Europe after Covid-19: MEPs call for decisive action
- MEPs want ambitious, future-oriented budget with the recovery fund as part of it
- EU future at stake: MEPs broadly welcome Commission’s recovery package proposals
- Europe must emerge stronger from this crisis
- Quiz: test your knowledge of the EU’s long-term budget
- Long-term EU budget: Parliament wants safety net for beneficiaries
- Campaign materials
- Long-term budget: EU needs proper funding to tackle crises, say MEPs
- More than money: the long-term EU budget is a tool for Europe’s future
- Show us the money for new policy proposals, MEPs tell budget commissioner
- MEPs have modest expectations for crucial EU budget summit
- Parliament’s case for an ambitious EU long-term budget (infographics)
- MEPs demand Council starts talks on the EU's long-term budget
- Long-term budget: MEPs want EU to have more own resources
- Post-2020 EU budget plans show purpose, but lack ambition, say MEPs
- “InvestEU”: MEPs support new programme to boost financing for jobs and growth
- Lamassoure: Changing how EU is funded won't shift power to Brussels
- EU's long-term budget: Parliament sets out its priorities
- EU's long-term budget: more flexibility to help tackle crises
Defence: Is the EU creating a European army?
While there is no EU army and defence remains exclusively a matter for member states, the EU has recently taken big steps to boost defence co-operation. Security
Since 2016, there has been significant progress in the area of EU security and defence with several concrete EU initiatives to encourage co-operation and reinforce Europe’s capacity to defend itself. Read the overview of the latest developments.
High expectations for EU defence
Europeans expect the EU to guarantee security and peace. Three quarters (75%) are in favour of a common EU defence and security policy according to a special Eurobarometer on security and defence in 2017 and a majority (55%) were in favour of creating an EU army. More recently 68% of Europeans said they would like the EU to do more on defence (March 2018 Eurobarometer survey).
EU leaders realise that no EU country can tackle the current security threats in isolation. For example French President Macron called for a joint European military project in 2017, while German Chancellor Merkel said “we ought to work on the vision of one day establishing a proper European army” in her address to the European Parliament in November 2018. Moving towards a security and defence union has been one of the priorities of the von der Leyen Commission.
Recent EU measures to boost defence co-operation
A common EU defence policy is provided for by the Treaty of Lisbon (Article 42(2) TEU). However, the treaty also clearly states the importance of national defence policy, including NATO membership or neutrality.
In recent years, the EU has begun to implement ambitious initiatives to provide more resources, stimulate efficiency, facilitate cooperation and support the development of capabilities:
- Permanent structured cooperation (PESCO) was launched in December 2017, and 25 EU countries are participating as of June 2019. It currently operates on the basis of 47 collaborative projects with binding commitments including a European Medical Command, Maritime Surveillance System, mutual assistance for cyber-security and rapid response teams, and a Joint EU intelligence school.
- The European Defence Fund (EDF) was launched in June 2017. It is the first time the EU budget is used to co-fund defence cooperation. On 29 April 2021, MEPs agreed to fund the flagship instrument with a budget of €7.9 billion as part of the EU's long-term budget (2021-2027). The fund will complement national investments and provide both practical and financial incentives for collaborative research, joint development and acquisition of defence equipment and technology.
- The EU strengthened co-operation with NATO on 74 projects across seven areas including cybersecurity, joint exercises and counter-terrorism.
- A plan to facilitate military mobility within and across the EU to make it possible for military personnel and equipment to act faster in response to crises.
- Making the financing of civilian and military missions and operations more effective. The EU currently has 17 such missions on three continents, with a wide range of mandates and deploying more than 6,000 civilian and military personnel.
- Since June 2017 there is a new command and control structure (MPCC) to improve the EU’s crisis management.
Spending more, spending better, spending together
At Nato's Wales summit in 2014, the EU countries that are members of Nato committed to spend 2% of their gross domestic product (GDP) on defence by 2024. The European Parliament has been calling on member states to live up to it.
NATO 2019 estimates show that only five EU countries (Greece, Estonia, Latvia, Poland and Lithuania) spent more than 2% of their GDP on defence.
However, building up EU defence is not only about spending more, but also about spending efficiently. EU countries collectively are the second largest defence spender in the world after the US but an estimated €26.4bn is wasted every year due to duplication, overcapacity and barriers to procurement. As a result, more than six times as many defence systems are used in Europe than in the United States. This is where the EU can provide the conditions for countries to collaborate more.
If Europe is to compete worldwide, it will need to pool and integrate its best capabilities as it is estimated that by 2025 China will become the second largest defence spender in the world after the US.
The European Parliament’s position
The European Parliament has repeatedly called for fully using the potential of the Lisbon Treaty provisions to works towards a European defence union. It consistently supports more cooperation, increased investment and pooling resources to create synergies at EU level in order to better protect Europeans.
Apart from practical challenges, the EU needs to reconcile different traditions and different strategic cultures. Parliament believes that an EU white paper on defence would be a useful way to do it and underpin the development of a future EU defence policy.
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