The future relationship of the EU with the UK was low on the agenda for EU leaders meeting for their end of year European Council. Intense negotiations on the new multi-annual budget and recovery package, climate targets for 2030 and Turkey among other issues kept discussions going through the night, the UK was dealt with in a ten-minute update this morning.
President of the European Commission Ursula von der Leyen said that positions remained far apart on fundamental issues.
On the level playing field, von der Leyen said that the EU had repeatedly made it clear to the UK that the principle of fair competition is a precondition to privileged access to the EU market and that it is only fair that competitors face the same conditions. She added that the UK was not required to follow the EU every time it decided to raise its level of ambition, for example, in the environmental field. However, while the UK would remain free - “sovereign, if you wish” - to decide what it wants to do, the EU would simply adapt the conditions for access to its market accordingly. This would apply to the UK and EU on a reciprocal basis.
On fisheries, von der Leyen said that solutions that “bridge our differences” had not yet been found. She said that the UK must understand the legitimate expectations of EU fishing fleets built on decades and sometimes centuries of access.
Von der Leyen said that the EU will decide on Sunday whether they had achieved the right conditions for an agreement or not and outlined the contingency measures that provide a short term fix to ensure basic connectivity in air and road transport for six months. There is also a proposal for reciprocal access to waters for 2021.
In conclusion, von der Leyen said, “one way or another. In less than three weeks. It will be new beginnings for old friends.”
In a briefing following the summit, Dutch Prime Minister, Mark Rutte advised the British Prime Minister to stay in London and continue to negotiate with Michel Barnier, rather than doing a tour of European capitals.
.@MinPres on Johnson's annoncement that he is prepared to travel to Paris, Berlin, other capitals to clinch a deal: 'I would like to invite him to stay in London and work hard. Capitals don't negotiate, Barnier does, has our full support'. #brexit #EUCO
— Christoph Schmidt (@trouwschmidt) December 11, 2020
Ex-EU Brexit negotiator Barnier: UK reputation at stake in Brexit row
Michel Barnier, the European Union's former Brexit negotiator, said on Monday (14 June) that the reputation of the United Kingdom was at stake regarding tensions over Brexit.
EU politicians have accused British Prime Minister Boris Johnson of not respecting engagements made regarding Brexit. Growing tensions between Britain and the EU threatened to overshadow the Group of Seven summit on Sunday, with London accusing France of "offensive" remarks that Northern Ireland was not part of the UK. Read more
"The United Kingdom needs to pay attention to its reputation," Barnier told France Info radio. "I want Mr Johnson to respect his signature," he added.
Germany’s Merkel urges pragmatic approach to Northern Ireland
German Chancellor Angela Merkel (pictured) called on Saturday for a “pragmatic solution” to disagreements over part of the Brexit deal that covers border issues with Northern Ireland, Reuters Read more.
Prime Minister Boris Johnson said Britain will do "whatever it takes" to protect its territorial integrity in a trade dispute with the European Union, threatening emergency measures if no solution was found.
The EU has to defend its common market, Merkel said, but on technical questions there could be a way forward in the dispute, she told a news conference during a Group of Seven leaders' summit.
"I have said that I favour a pragmatic solution for contractual agreements, because a cordial relationship is of utmost significance for Britain and the European Union," she said.
Referring to a conversation she had with U.S. President Joe Biden about geopolitical issues, Merkel said they agreed that Ukraine must continue to remain a transit country for Russian natural gas once Moscow completes the controversial Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline under the Baltic Sea.
The $11 billion pipeline will carry gas to Germany directly, something Washington fears could undermine Ukraine and increase Russia's influence over Europe.
Biden and Merkel are due to meet in Washington on July 15, and the strain on bilateral ties caused by the project will be on the agenda.
The G7 sought on Saturday to counter China's growing influence by offering developing nations an infrastructure plan that would rival President Xi Jinping's multi-trillion-dollar Belt and Road initiative. L5N2NU045
Asked about the plan, Merkel said the G7 was not yet ready to specify how much financing could be made available.
“Our financing instruments often are not as quickly available as developing countries need them,” she said
Macron offers UK's Johnson 'Le reset' if he keeps his Brexit word
French President Emmanuel Macron offered on Saturday (12 June) to reset relations with Britain as long as Prime Minister Boris Johnson stands by the Brexit divorce deal he signed with the European Union, writes Michel Rose.
Since Britain completed its exit from the EU late last year, relations with the bloc and particularly France have soured, with Macron becoming the most vocal critic of London's refusal to honour the terms of part of its Brexit deal.
At a meeting at the Group of Seven rich nations in southwestern England, Macron told Johnson the two countries had common interests, but that ties could improve only if Johnson kept his word on Brexit, a source said.
"The president told Boris Johnson there needed to be a reset of the Franco-British relationship," the source, who spoke on condition of anonymity, said.
"This can happen provided that he keeps his word with the Europeans," the source said, adding that Macron spoke in English to Johnson.
The Elysee Palace said that France and Britain shared a common vision and common interests on many global issues and "a shared approach to transatlantic policy".
Johnson will meet German Chancellor Angela Merkel later on Saturday, where she could also raise the dispute over a part of the EU divorce deal that is called the Northern Ireland Protocol.
The British leader, who is hosting the G7 meeting, wants the summit to focus on global issues, but has stood his ground on trade with Northern Ireland, calling on the EU to be more flexible in its approach to easing trade to the province from Britain.
The protocol aims to keep the province, which borders EU member Ireland, in both the United Kingdom's customs territory and the EU's single market. But London says the protocol is unsustainable in its current form because of the disruption it has caused to supplies of everyday goods to Northern Ireland.
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