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#Kazakhstan history of peace and #Denuclearization are valuable in time of global risks, says president

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As the role of international law and global institutions in maintaining peace and security diminish, Kazakhstan’s history of peace and denuclearization can serve as a valuable model, Kazakh President Kassym-Jomart Tokayev told the 11 September gathering of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences in Beijing, writes Zhanna Shayakhmetova.

Kassym-Jomart Tokayev delivers a lecture at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences in Beijing on Sept. 11. Photo credit: akorda.kz.

“Our country has developed the Code of Conduct towards Achieving a World Free of Terrorism, a unique document. Kazakhstan has also contributed to the conclusion of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) by providing a platform for negotiations in 2013. We remain committed to facilitating the search for compromise. As a country that has renounced the world’s fourth largest nuclear arsenal, we are ready to share our experience,” he said.

Tokayev’s address was dedicated to the analysis of modern international relations. Today’s geopolitical challenges, he said, include tensions between countries, the breakdown of previous mechanisms of security and arms control and the expansion of conflicts.

“Unfortunately, we see a number of critical circumstances that exacerbate existing complex international dialogue,” said Tokayev, adding that the transition of geopolitical competition to economic competition could increase the imbalance in the global economy and inequality between states.

Conflicts in many parts of the world also present serious risks. The predominance of power approaches in defending a country’s interests increases the risk of military clashes.

According to Tokayev, the current global confrontation seems to be more dangerous than the period of bipolar rivalry. Earlier, it was a fight between two political systems and ideological systems. Now the confrontation is growing in terms of national and strategic interests of powerful countries.

Tokayev said it is necessary to join efforts to address global issues and noted that the role of the United Nations (UN) as a universal organization is vital.

“We believe that UN reform should increase its effectiveness and credibility. As the non-permanent member of the UN Security Council, Kazakhstan called for a so-called ‘reset’ of relations in the security sphere. I believe China is able to have a constructive impact on strengthening the importance of the UN. As a permanent member of the UN Security Council, China plays an important role in this organisation,” he said.

The President noted that Kazakhstan and China as neighbouring countries and strategic partners should move towards progress and prosperity. Tokayev said he would like to see more cooperation between think tanks and an expansion of joint conferences and research.

Tokayev also expressed congratulations for China’s 70th anniversary as People’s Republic, to be celebrated Oct. 1. The history of Kazakhstan and China has “much in common,” he said. Two nations are brought together by the spirit of development and the desire for progress.

“Forty years ago, the leadership and people of China embarked on a wise and wide-ranging transformation. Thanks to these reforms, China occupies the leading position in the world. Over 30 years, Kazakhstan has also passed through a difficult but impressive period from a deep systemic crisis to sustainable growth,” he said.

The Chinese Academy of Social Sciences is of national importance for China. The academy’s centres and institutes, he noted, contribute to global scientific research. The ideas and suggestions of experts “will contribute to strengthening our mutually beneficial co-operation,” said the Kazakh leader.

Belgium

Iranian Opposition rally in front of US embassy in Brussels to ask US and EU for a firm policy towards Iranian regime

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Following the G7 summit in London, Brussels hosts the NATO summit with US and EU leaders. It is the first trip of President Joe Biden outside the US. Meanwhile, the Iran deal negotiations have started in Vienna and despite the international efforts to return Iran and the US to compliance with the JCPOA, Iranians regime showed no interest to return to its commitments under JCPOA context. In the recent IAEA report, important concerns have been raised that the Iranian regime failed to address.

The Iranian diaspora, supporters of the National Council of Resistance of Iran in Belgium, held a rally today (14 June) in front of the US embassy in Belgium. They held posters and banners with the picture of Maryam Rajavi, the leader of the Iranian opposition movement who has declared a non-nuclear Iran in her 10-point plan for the free and democratic Iran.

In their posters and slogans, Iranians asked the US and the EU to work harder to hold the mullahs’ regime accountable for its human rights violations too. The protesters emphasized the need for a decisive policy by the US and the European countries to harness the mullahs’ quest for a nuclear bomb, stepped up repression at home, and terrorist activities abroad.

According to the new IAEA report, despite the previous agreement, the clerical regime refuses to answer IAEA questions on four disputed sites and (to kill time) has postponed further talks until after its presidential election. According to the report, the regime's enriched uranium reserves have reached 16 times the limit allowed in the nuclear deal. The production of 2.4 kg of 60% enriched uranium and about 62.8kg of 20% enriched uranium are of grave concern.

IAEA Director-General Rafael Grossi said: Despite agreed terms, “After many months, Iran has not provided the necessary explanation for the presence of the nuclear material particles…We are facing a country that has an advanced and ambitious nuclear program and is enriching Uranium very close to weapons-grade level.”

Grossi’s remarks, also reported by Reuters today, reiterated: “The lack of clarification of the agency’s questions regarding the accuracy and integrity of Iran’s Safeguard Declaration will seriously affect the agency’s ability to ensure the peaceful nature of Iran’s nuclear program.”

Maryam Rajavi (pictured), the President-elect of the National Council of Resistance of Iran (NCRI), said that the recent report of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and the remarks by its Director-General once again show that to guarantee its survival, the clerical regime has not abandoned its atomic bomb project. It also shows that to buy time, the regime has continued its policy of secrecy to mislead the international community. At the same time, the regime is blackmailing its foreign interlocutors into lifting sanctions and ignoring its missile programs, export of terrorism, and criminal meddling in the region.

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Brexit

Ex-EU Brexit negotiator Barnier: UK reputation at stake in Brexit row

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Head of the Task Force for Relations with the UK, Michel Barnier attendsthe debate on EU-UK trade and cooperation agreement during the second day of a plenary session at the European Parliament in Brussels, Belgium April 27, 2021. Olivier Hoslet/Pool via REUTERS

Michel Barnier, the European Union's former Brexit negotiator, said on Monday (14 June) that the reputation of the United Kingdom was at stake regarding tensions over Brexit.

EU politicians have accused British Prime Minister Boris Johnson of not respecting engagements made regarding Brexit. Growing tensions between Britain and the EU threatened to overshadow the Group of Seven summit on Sunday, with London accusing France of "offensive" remarks that Northern Ireland was not part of the UK. Read more

"The United Kingdom needs to pay attention to its reputation," Barnier told France Info radio. "I want Mr Johnson to respect his signature," he added.

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coronavirus

Parliament president calls for a European Search and Rescue Mission

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European Parliament President David Sassoli (pictured) has opened a high-level interparliamentary conference on managing migration and asylum in Europe. The conference focused particularly on the external aspects of migration. The president said: “We have chosen to discuss today the external dimension of migration and asylum policies because we know that only by tackling the instability, crises, poverty, human rights violations that occur beyond our borders, will we be able to address the root causes that push millions of people to leave. We need to manage this global phenomenon in a human way, to welcome the people that knock on our doors every day with dignity and respect.
 
“The COVID-19 pandemic is having a profound impact on migration patterns locally and worldwide and has had a multiplier effect on the forced movement of people around the world, especially where access to treatment and healthcare is not guaranteed. The pandemic has disrupted migration pathways, blocked immigration, destroyed jobs and income, reduced remittances, and pushed millions of migrants and vulnerable populations into poverty.
 
“Migration and asylum are already an integral part of the external action of the European Union. But they must become part of a stronger and more cohesive foreign policy  in the future.
 
“I believe it is our duty first of all to save lives. It is no longer acceptable to leave this responsibility only to NGOs, which perform a substitute function in the Mediterranean. We must go back to thinking about joint action by the European Union in the Mediterranean that saves lives and tackles traffickers. We need a European search and rescue mechanism at sea, which uses the expertise of all actors involved, from Member States to civil society to European agencies.
 
“Second, we must ensure that people in need of protection can arrive in the European Union safely and without risking their lives. We need humanitarian channels to be defined together with the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. We must work together on a European resettlement system based on common responsibility. We are talking about people who can also make an important contribution to the recovery of our societies affected by the pandemic and demographic decline, thanks to their work and their skills.
 
“We also need to put in place a European migration reception policy. Together we shoulddefine the criteria for a single entry and residence permit, assessing the needs of our labor markets at a national level. During the pandemic, entire economic sectors came to a halt due to the absence of immigrant workers. We need regulated immigration for the recovery of our societies and for the maintenance of our social protection systems.”

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