More batches of FFP2 and FFP3 protective masks have been distributed to Croatia, Montenegro and North Macedonia from rescEU - the common European reserve of medical equipment set up this year to help countries affected by the coronavirus pandemic.
"We are delivering more masks from the rescEU reserve of medical equipment to help the national authorities in their response to COVID-19. At the same time, we are continuing to build up our reserves of medical equipment, so that we are well prepared. The pandemic is not over and we must continue to be vigilant, working in co-ordination at European level,” said Crisis Management Commissioner Janez Lenarčič.
In addition to the delivery of equipment, the EU Civil Protection Mechanism co-ordinated last week the deployment of an Italian Emergency Medical Team to support local health authorities in Azerbaijan. Six medical experts will spend two weeks helping fight against the coronavirus. Since the start of the pandemic, the EU Civil Protection Mechanism has responded to 25 requests, among others to provide personal protective equipment, medicines and health experts.
EU auditors probe the protection of air passenger rights during COVID-19 crisis
The European Court of Auditors (ECA) has launched an audit to assess whether the European Commission has been safeguarding effectively the rights of citizens who travelled by plane or booked flights during the coronavirus crisis. The auditors will examine whether the current rules on air passenger rights are fit for purpose and resilient enough to deal with such a crisis. They will check whether the Commission monitored that air passengers’ rights were respected during the pandemic and took action accordingly. In addition, they will assess whether member states took passenger rights into account when granting emergency state aid to the travel and transport industry.
“In times of COVID-19, the EU and member states have had to strike a balance between preserving air passenger rights and supporting the ailing airlines,” said Annemie Turtelboom, the ECA member leading the audit. “Our audit will check that the rights of millions of air travellers in the EU were not collateral damage in the fight to save struggling airlines.”
The COVID-19 outbreak and health measures taken in response have brought about major travel disruption: airlines cancelled around 70 % of all flights and new bookings plummeted. People no longer could or wished to travel, also because of the frequently uncoordinated emergency measures by different countries, such as flight bans, last-minute border closures or quarantine requirements.
EU Member States introduced further emergency measures to keep their struggling transport industry afloat, including airlines, for example by granting them unprecedented amounts of state aid. Some estimates show that throughout the crisis, until December 2020, airlines – including non-EU ones – had obtained or were obtaining up to €37.5 billion in state aid. In addition, twelve member states notified the Commission of state aid measures to prop up their tour operators and travel agencies to the tune of some €2.6bn.
Member states also allowed airlines more flexibility in refunding passengers whose flights were cancelled. The Commission issued guidelines and recommendations, including the fact that offering vouchers does not affect the passengers’ entitlement to a cash refund. However, the passengers whose flights had been cancelled were often pressured by airlines to accept vouchers instead of receiving a cash refund. In other cases, airlines did not refund passengers on time or not at all.
The EU auditors’ report is expected before the summer holiday with the aim of supporting air passengers in times of crisis and launching a general attempt to restore trust in aviation. In the context of this audit, the auditors are also checking whether the recommendations they made in their 2018 report on passenger rights have been put into practice.
Protecting passenger rights is an EU policy with direct impact on citizens and thus highly visible across member states. It is also a policy which the Commission considers to be one of its great successes in empowering consumers, as their rights are guaranteed. The EU aims to provide all air transport users with the same level of protection. The Air Passenger Rights regulation gives air travellers the right to cash refunds, to re-routing and on-the-ground support such as free meals and accommodation if their flights are cancelled or significantly delayed, or if they are denied boarding. Similar protection exists via a European Directive for people who book package deals (e.g. a flight plus hotel).
For more detail, see the audit preview 'Air passenger rights during the COVID-19 crisis', available in English here. Audit previews are based on preparatory work before the start of an audit, and should not be regarded as audit observations, conclusions or recommendations. The ECA recently published two reviews of the EU’s response to the COVID-19 crisis, one on health and the other on economic aspects. Its work programme for 2021 announced that one in four of its new audits this year will be related to COVID-19 and the recovery package.
Understanding COVID-19's impact on women
Find out how the COVID-19 pandemic has increased gender disparities in the EU in our infographics.
A year after the coronavirus outbreak, the social and economic fallout could have a long-term impact on gender equality, threatening the progress made and potentially pushing an additional 47 million women and girls below the poverty line worldwide.
Last year marked the 25th anniversary of the adoption of the UN’s Beijing Declaration aimed at the advancement of women around the globe, but there is still a long way to go before gender equality is achieved. According to the European Institute for Gender Equality’s Index 2020 (based on data from 2018), the EU scores 67.9% on gender equality and is at least 60 years away from reaching complete equality at the current pace.
Find out how the European Parliament fights for gender equality.
More women on the COVID-19 frontline
Of the 49 million care workers in the EU, who have been most exposed to the virus, around 76% are women.
The biggest EU imbalance was in Latvia – with women making up 88% of the healthcare work force, compared to 53% in Malta).
In addition, women are over-represented in essential services ranging from sales to childcare places, which remained open during the pandemic. In the EU, women account for 82% of all cashiers and represent 95% of workers in domestic cleaning and home help fields.
Increased job insecurity for women
About 84% of the working women aged 15-64 are employed in services, including in the main Covid-hit sectors that are facing job losses. Quarantine has also affected sectors of the economy where traditionally more women have been employed, including nursery, secretarial and domestic work.
More than 30% of women in the EU work part-time and occupy a large share of jobs in the informal economy, which tend to have fewer labour rights as well as less health protection and other fundamental benefits. They are also much more likely to take time off to care for children and relatives and during lockdowns often had to combine teleworking and child care.
Escalation of violence against women
About 50 women lose their lives to domestic violence every week in the EU and this has increased during lockdown. The restrictions have also made it harder for victims to get help.
At the same time, greater internet use during the pandemic has increased online gender-based violence and the online sexual abuse of children and especially girls.
Some EU countries set additional measures to counter gender-based violence during the pandemic.
At the Parliament
This year the European Parliament will mark International Women’s Day during its plenary session on 8 March, while the women's rights committee marks the day with its We are strong: Women leading the fight against COVID-19 event on 4 March.
Find out more
- Press release: still many challenges ahead to achieve gender equality (11 February 2021)
- COVID-19: the need for a gendered response (February 2021)
- The gendered impact of the COVID-19 crisis and post-crisis period (September 2020)
- Women and labour market equality: has COVID-19 rolled back recent gains? (December 2020)
- The impact of sex and gender in the COVID-19 pandemic (May 2020)
- Factsheet: gender equality strategy (March 2020)
- Helplines for victims of violence in the EU
What you need to know about the coronavirus right now
Here’s what you need to know about the coronavirus right now, writes Linda Noakes.
Austria breaks ranks with EU on vaccines
Austria broke ranks with the European Union on Tuesday (2 March) and said it would work together with Israel and Denmark to produce second-generation vaccines against coronavirus mutations.
The announcement is a rebuke to the EU’s joint vaccine procurement programme for member states which has been criticised for being slow to agree deals with manufacturers.
Production problems and supply chain bottlenecks have also slowed deliveries to the bloc, delaying the roll-out of vaccines.
Turkey’s reopening relieves restaurants but worries doctors
Turkish restaurants reopened and many children returned to school on Tuesday after the government announced steps to ease curbs even as cases edged higher, raising concerns in the top medical association.
On Monday evening, President Tayyip Erdogan lifted weekend lockdowns in low- and medium-risk cities and limited lockdowns to Sundays in those deemed higher risk under what he called a “controlled normalization”.
Cafe and restaurant owners, limited to takeaway service for much of last year, have long urged a reopening of in-house dining after sector revenues dropped.
No respite from France’s COVID-19 measures in next 4-6 weeks
France will retain its current measures aimed at curbing the spread of COVID-19, including a curfew at night, as a bare minimum for the next four to six weeks, its health minister said on Monday.
Other measures now in force include the closure of bars, restaurants and museums and the minister, Olivier Veran, said he hoped France would not have to go beyond those measures to rein in the disease.
Prime Minister Jean Castex said last week a new lockdown was not on the agenda but that the government would assess this week whether local weekend lockdowns might be needed in 20 areas considered very worrying, including Paris and the surrounding region.
Fauci says US must stick to two-shot strategy
The United States must stick to a two-dose strategy for the Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna vaccines, top U.S. infectious disease official Anthony Fauci told the Washington Post newspaper.
Fauci said that delaying a second dose to inoculate more Americans creates risks.
He warned that shifting to a single-dose strategy for the vaccines could leave people less protected, enable variants to spread and possibly boost skepticism among Americans already hesitant to get the shots.
WHO panel issues strong advice against hydroxychloroquine
The drug hydroxychloroquine, once touted by former US President Donald Trump as a pandemic “game-changer”, should not be used to prevent COVID-19 and has no meaningful effect on patients already infected, a World Health Organization expert panel said on Tuesday.
“The panel considers that this drug is no longer a research priority and that resources should rather be oriented to evaluate other more promising drugs to prevent COVID-19,” they wrote in the BMJ British medical journal.
This “strong recommendation”, the experts said, is based on high-certainty evidence from six randomised controlled trials involving more than 6,000 participants both with and without known exposure to COVID-19.
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