However, since the Green Capital award was established in 2010 (fawarded to Copenhagen, pictured,in 2014) no specific attention has ever been given to pesticides, despite the danger from exposure was recognized by the European Union decades ago leading to the establishment of the Sustainable Use Directive on Pesticides (SUDP) in 2009 (2).
During the recent Green Week organized in Brussels, the selection criterias for municipalities wishing to become Europe Green Capital in 2017 were published (3). For the first time, making a strong reference to the SUDP reminding "the need to improve water quality, minimize or prohibit use in certain specific areas such as public and protected areas, and introduction of integrated pest management in European farming sector".
As a result, municipalities wishing to participate in the 2017 award will need to give details regarding trends in local water quality, and regarding their intention to reduce use of pesticides in both public areas and in protected – or green – areas. However, municipalities still do not need to give details regarding how to detox the food which is eaten in the cities, despite the fact that low input agriculture, especially organic in local food chains – have huge potential as drivers in the local change towards the development of sustainable societies (4).
PAN Europe President François Veillerette said: "It is great that EU is now asking
municipalities to name actions on pesticide issues to become considered as Green Capitals.
PAN Europe and our national PAN groups are more and more often contacted by concerned
parents, dog owners, nature lovers etc. for advise and actions, and organic town is a fast
growing phenomenon." (5).
Nick Mole, PAN UK, added: “Copenhagen, European Green Capital in 2014, banned the use
of pesticides in public areas in 1997, showing that cities wanting to be really green cannot
continue to use poisons in the parks and streets where its citizens work, live and play.
We hope that Bristol will take of of this and commit to going pesticide free in time for 2015.”
(1) Click here.
(2) Directive 2009/128/EC of 21 October 2009 on Sustainable Use of Pesticides.
(3) Click here.
(4) The guideline on EU Green Capitals specifies refers to article ‘11, 12 and 14 of the
Sustainable Use of Pesticides Directive 128/2009’, While municipalities will have to explain: 1) what is done on water quality, among others defined in article 11 of the SUDP on specific measures to protect the aquatic environment and drinking water; and 2) what they will do to reduce pesticide use in public and sensitive – green – areas, among others defined in article 12 on reduction of pesticide use or risks in specific areas. Municipalities still do not need to explain which ‘measures they take to promote low pesticide-input pest management, giving wherever possible priority to non-chemical methods, so that professional users of pesticides switch to practices and products with the lowest risk to human health and the environment among those available for the same pest problem, including both integrated pest management and organic farming, though this is a clear requirement according to article 14 of the SUDP.
(5) See the map of the 768 French towns already detoxed here.
BIOSWITCH research analyzes Irish and Dutch consumer perspectives of bio-based products
BIOSWITCH, a European project that seeks to raise awareness among brand owners and to encourage them to use bio-based instead of fossil-based ingredients in their products, has carried out research to understand consumer behaviour and perspectives of bio-based products. The study consisted of a quantitative survey among 18-75-year-old consumers in Ireland and the Netherlands to gain an understanding of consumer perspectives in relation to bio-based products. All the results were analysed, compared, and compiled in a peer-reviewed paper that can be consulted in this link.
“Having a better understanding of consumers perception of bio-based products is crucial to help to boost the transformation from a fossil-based to a bio-based industry, support Europe’s transition to a low-carbon economy and help to meet key sustainability targets,” said James Gaffey, co-director of the Circular Bioeconomy Research Group at Munster Technological University. Some of the main findings in the study indicate that consumers in both countries have a relatively positive outlook regarding bio-based products, with Irish consumers, and especially Irish females, showing a slightly more positive position.
Moreover, Irish consumers also have a slightly more positive perception that their consumer choice can be beneficial for the environment, and overall, are more willing to pay extra for bio-based products. Price was indicated by consumers in both countries as a key factor influencing the purchase of bio-based products, and around half of the interviewees are unwilling to pay more for bio-based products. Likewise, consumers in both countries are most likely to buy bio-based products from the same product categories, the main ones being packaging products, disposable products, and cleaning, hygiene, and sanitary products.
A green premium is most likely to be paid for categories such as disposable products, cosmetics and personal care. Consumers in both countries appointed at environmental sustainability as a significant factor when choosing between products; however, terms such as biodegradable and compostable carry more weight than the term bio-based among consumers, indicating that more work needs to be done to improve consumer knowledge and understanding of bio-based products. Despite this, the overall indication of consumer preference for bio-based over fossil-based products was clear, as 93% of the Irish respondents and 81% of the Dutch ones said that they would prefer buying bio-based products
This project has received funding from the Bio Based Industries Joint Undertaking (JU) under the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 887727. rather than fossil-based products. Nearly half of them were even willing to pay a bit more for the bio-based alternatives.
“It was great to notice positive attitudes among consumers towards bio-based products,” said John Vos, senior consultant and European projects manager at BTG Biomass Technology Group. “We hope that the results of this study will serve as basis for further exploration of this topic and will stimulate the market for bio-based products by addressing uncertainties around consumer demand in Ireland and the Netherlands.”
BIOSWITCH is an initiative funded by the Bio-Based Industries Joint Undertaking (BBI JU) under the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme with a total budget of €1 million. The project is coordinated by the Finnish entity CLIC Innovation and formed by a multi-disciplinary consortium of eight partners from six different countries. The partners’ profiles include four industrial clusters: CLIC Innovation, Corporación Tecnológica de Andalucía, Flanders’ FOOD and Food & Bio Cluster Denmark; two Research and Technological Organizations: Munster Technological Institute and VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland; and two SMEs: BTG Biomass Technology Group and Sustainable Innovations.
Public hearing on link between biodiversity loss and pandemics such as COVID-19
The Parliament hearing on 'Facing the sixth mass extinction and increasing risk of pandemics: What role for the EU Biodiversity Strategy for 2030' will be held today (14 January).
Organized by the Committee on Environment, Public Health and Food Safety, the hearing will address the loss of biodiversity and the extent to which this increases the risk of pandemics due to change in land use, climate change and wildlife trade. The role that the EU Biodiversity Strategy for 2030 could play in countering biodiversity loss and in increasing the EU’s and the global commitment to biodiversity will be discussed.
Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services Executive Secretary Dr Anne Larigauderie and European Environment Agency Executive Director Dr Hans Bruyninckx will open the public hearing.
The detailed programme is available here.
You can follow the hearing live here from 9h today.
EU biodiversity strategy for 2030
On Thursday afternoon, Members will discuss the draft report by rapporteur César Luena (S&D, ES) which responds to the Commission's Biodiversity Strategy for 2030 and welcomes the level of ambition in the strategy. The draft report underlines that all main direct drivers of change in nature must be addressed and expresses concern about soil degradation, the impact of climate change and the declining number of pollinators. It also addresses the issues of funding, mainstreaming and the governance framework for biodiversity, calls for a Green Erasmus programme focused on restoration and conservation, and emphasises the need for international action, including with regard to ocean governance.
You can follow the committee meeting live here from 13h15.
One Planet Summit: President von der Leyen calls for ambitious, global and game-changing agreement on biodiversity
On 11 January, European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen, took part in the ‘One Planet Summit' for biodiversity, via videoconference. In her speech, President von der Leyen emphasized that "2021 will be the year when the world turns over a new leaf for our planet” at the COP15 for nature in Kunming, in May this year. She called for an “ambitious, global and game-changing Paris-style agreement” to be drawn up at the COP15, since this concerns not only sustainable development, but also equality, security, and quality of life. The President reiterated Europe's willingness to show the way and bring as many partners as possible on board, while leading by action and ambition at home. President von der Leyen also spoke about the link between biodiversity loss and COVID-19: “If we don't urgently act to protect our nature, we may already be at the beginning of an era of pandemics. But we can do something about it. It needs concerted global action and local sustainable development. And just as we cooperate for our 'One Planet' we need to work together for our 'One Health'.”
Speaking at the summit hosted by France, the United Nations and the World Bank, Ursula von der Leyen set out how the Commission is working to preserve biodiversity: “This shows that turning over a new leaf for nature all comes down to local action and global ambition. This is why, with the European Green Deal, we are stepping up our own action and ambition - both locally and globally. And the new, greener Common Agricultural Policy will help us protect livelihoods and food security - while we protect our nature and our climate.” Finally, she reminded participants of Europe's “duty to ensure that our Single Market does not drive deforestation in local communities in other parts of the world.”
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