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Globalization without regulation leads to increased inequality, says #EESC



Fostering competitiveness, innovation and job creation should be a priority in global regulatory co-operation through a renewed multilateral trading scheme, says the European Economic and Social Committee (EESC) in its opinion, initiated by Georgi Stoev and Thomas Student and adopted by the EESC plenary in July.

Disruptions like coronavirus (COVID-19) threaten to bring the world economy and social life to a standstill. Its impacts include recessions in the USA, the EU, Japan and other regions of the world, extremely slow growth in China and huge losses in terms of output. Governments have to offset economic damage with fiscal and monetary policies and cope with the expected changes to the economic paradigm. The EESC stresses the need for efficient business models and trade defence mechanisms.

In particular, with regard to Asia, 36 million jobs in the EU depend on the EU's exporting potential, and the share of EU employment supported by sales of goods and services to the rest of the world in relation to total employment increased from 10.1% in 2000 to 15.3% in 2017. The fiscal, economic and social response to the crisis is necessary for preventing a negative impact on these and other sectors.

The fact that the USA decided to introduce additional tariffs on European products, as a countermeasure to the aid granted by the EU to the manufacturer of Airbus, will mainly affect agricultural and agri-food products produced in EU member states. The US steel tariffs have led to significant trade diversion of steel products from third countries, which are entering the European market in increasing quantities, and are in particular being used in public infrastructure construction contracts.

''Industrial development in Europe must not fall victim to unfair economic, social & environmental dumping. This could become a real threat for European industries and for the European social model," said the rapporteur of the opinion Georgi Stoev. ''We are concerned about the negativity regarding international trade and globalization and the rise of populism. Protectionism and nationalism cannot provide answers to economic and social problems,'' he concluded.

The EESC stresses that this crisis has serious long-term implications for the EU.

"Europe urgently needs a new project for internal integration; a common economic, social (including public health coordination), fiscal, energy and environmental strategy and a coherent trade policy,'' said the co-rapporteur Thomas Student.

The EESC believes that the Green Deal should integrate new industrial strategy and trade policy together with economic, regulatory and competition policy in a comprehensive effort to help the environment, without creating a threat to the single market and European companies and jobs, and should set high environmental ambitions for industry as a whole.


EU solidarity in action: €56.7 million to Spain to repair the damages of the extreme weather DANA in autumn 2019



The European Commission has granted aid worth €56.7 million from the EU Solidarity Fund (EUSF) to Spain following the extreme weather conditions DANA (Depresión Aislada en Niveles Altos) resulting in floods in the regions of Valencia, Murcia, Castilla-La Mancha and Andalucia in September 2019.

The financial assistance aims to partially cover the emergency costs of recovery operations and assistance to the local population, including repair and restoration of key water and transport infrastructure along with support to health and education. This is part of an aid package of a total of €279m addressed to Portugal, Spain, Italy and Austria hit by natural disasters in 2019. Spain had already received €5.6m in an advanced payment.

Cohesion and Reforms Commissioner Elisa Ferreira said: “Whether it is a natural disaster or a major health emergency, the EU Solidarity Fund is always there to provide relief to those who suffer. This is the essence of the European solidarity.”

The EU Solidarity Fund is one of the main EU instruments for disaster recovery and, as part of the EU coordinated response to the coronavirus emergency, its scope has been recently extended to cover major health emergencies. So far, Spain has received support from the EUSF for five natural disasters, totalling more than €90m. More information on the EUSF is available on the data story.

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New marine rotational force deploys to Norway



Approximately 350 marines and sailors of 3rd Battalion, 6th Marine Regiment, have deployed to Norway for a two-month training deployment. The marines and sailors of the 'Teufelhunden Battalion' are the next rotational deployment of Marine Rotational Force-Europe. After a quarantine period at their training location in Norway, to mitigate the risk of COVID exposure and transmission, the marines will conduct bilateral arctic warfare training, improve interoperability, and strengthen defense capabilities alongside Norwegian allies.

This is the first rotation of shorter MRF-E deployments, announced by the Marine Corps in August 2020. Marine Rotational Force-Europe’s deployment will be synchronized with the Norwegian Armed Forces’ arctic training and will allow for increased operational flexibility for the Marine Corps.

“Norway offers challenging terrain and unique training opportunities to improve our cold-weather and mountain-warfare skills, enabling our force to fight and win in arctic conditions,” said Lt. Col. Ryan Gordinier, commander of 3rd Battalion, 6th Marine Regiment. “The ‘Teufelhunden Battalion’ looks forward to continuing our historic relationship and strengthening our alliance with the Norwegian military.”

During their deployment, the new MRF-E will participate in cold-weather warfare and survival training, led by Norwegian Army instructors; participate in a variety of field training events in rugged, arctic conditions alongside Norwegian Army allies; and participate in Exercise Reindeer II, a major Norwegian Army-led field exercise in northern Norway.

Marine Rotational Force-Europe 21.1 is expected to operate in Norway several times over the coming year, with a larger follow-on rotation scheduled in early 2021. The Marine Rotational Force plans to conduct various exercises alongside allied forces for continued inoperability and arctic training.

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Delay to UK's 5G roll-out puts at risk government's 'levelling up' agenda says Huawei



The UK government’s own acknowledgement of a likely delay in rolling out 5G in the UK risks not fully realizing £108 billion worth of economic benefit and the creation of 350,000 jobs in regions outside London and the south-east over the next decade.

A delay in Britain realizing its full 5G potential could condemn some parts of the country to the digital slow lane for years to come, according to an independent report by Assembly published on 29 October.

The new report, commissioned by Huawei, lays bare the opportunities for levelling up. If 5G were delivered nationwide without delay, three-quarters of its expected economic benefit would likely come in regions outside London and the south-east with the potential to transform connectivity in areas such as the north-east, the north-west and the West Midlands.

Risk to UK jobs and a widening of the digital divide

As a global leader in 5G, the UK could stand to benefit from more than 600,000 potential new jobs over the next decade, bringing with it the value of more than £6,000 per household on average by 2030. Critically, the jobs at risk are not limited to the tech sector or confined to tech hubs but spread across white-collar and blue-collar workforces.

  • In the North-West, the region risks not fully realizing an economic uplift of £16.9bn between 2020-2030 – and 59,000 new jobs.
  • In London, the region risks not fully realizing an economic uplift of £39.7bn between 2020-2030 – and 139,000 new jobs.
  • In the West Midlands, the region risks not fully realizing an economic uplift of £13bn between 2020-2030 – and 45,500 new jobs.

Consumers could be left waiting

The UK mobile industry has already made significant progress in the roll-out of 5G, with more than 300 towns and cities already having some degree of coverage. However, a delayed roll-out would mean consumers across the country would have to wait longer to enjoy the full benefits of next-generation connectivity on their devices – such as virtual reality video streaming, gaming and the delivery of on-demand content.

Industries face losing out on 5G benefits

The report warns that a delay in 5G roll-out threatens to slow advances in everything from next-generation remote healthcare and smart manufacturing, to robotics and at-home schooling. Slowing down advances in high-quality remote learning and healthcare, are potential ‘social equalizers’ ­– helping to address GP or teacher shortages.

Advances in smart manufacturing and robotics would also be under threat. A recent 5G trial in Worcestershire registered a marked rise in productivity after exploring the use of 5G in machinery fault detection and remote training.

Assembly Principal Analyst and Founder Matthew Howett said: "The government’s own expectation of its restrictions on Huawei is for up to a three-year delay in 5G roll-out. The risk of course is that this will be felt by operator’s being forced to focus their deployments in more profitable urban centres and that would inevitably mean it takes longer to reach, and fully cover, more rural and remote parts of Britain with 5G. If this plays out there is a risk of a widened digital divide."

Huawei Vice President Victor Zhang said: “UK government has set ambitious targets for improved connectivity by 2025. This research reveals how a 3-year delay in 5G roll-out will have a significant economic impact on every part of the UK, and highlights the consequences of failing to realise Britain’s full potential. Without global 5G leadership, Britain faces relegation to the digital slow lane, a job creation black hole and a wider digital divide.”

A copy of the full report ‘Regional and consumer impact of a delayed 5G roll-out’ can be downloaded here. Supporting graphics are available here.City level data at a glance

Greater Manchester Combined Authority

Potential 5G benefit 2020-2030 (£m): 6,435

Potential jobs created by 5G: 22,475

4G coverage: 99%

5G availability: EE, O2, Three, Vodafone


Potential 5G benefit 2020-2030 (£m): 2,603

Potential jobs created by 5G: 9,091

4G coverage: 98%

5G availability: EE, O2, Three, Vodafone

Liverpool City Region Combined Authority

Potential 5G benefit 2020-2030 (£m): 3,095

Potential jobs created by 5G: 10,810

4G coverage: 100%

5G availability: EE, O2, Three, Vodafone

Glasgow City Region

Potential 5G benefit 2020-2030 (£m): 3,966

Potential jobs created by 5G: 13,853

4G coverage: 86%

5G availability: EE, O2, Three, Vodafone


Potential 5G benefit 2020-2030 (£m): 806

Potential jobs created by 5G: 2,814

4G coverage: 100%

5G availability: EE, O2


Potential 5G benefit 2020-2030 (£m): 2,349

Potential jobs created by 5G: 8,203

4G coverage: 97%

5G availability: EE, O2, Three, Vodafone


Potential 5G benefit 2020-2030 (£m): 2,166

Potential jobs created by 5G: 7,564

4G coverage: 91%

5G availability: EE, O2, Vodafone


Potential 5G benefit 2020-2030 (£m): 1,058

Potential jobs created by 5G: 3,695

4G coverage: 96%

5G availability: EE, O2, Three, Vodafone


Potential 5G benefit 2020-2030 (£m): 1,301

Potential jobs created by 5G: 4,542

4G coverage: 100%

5G availability: EE, O2, Three, Vodafone

Belfast City Region

Potential 5G benefit 2020-2030 (£m): 2,638

Potential jobs created by 5G: 9,214

4G coverage: 97%

5G availability: EE, O2, Vodafone

About Assembly

Assembly is an independent analyst firm providing subscription-based information, analysis and commentary on regulatory, policy and legislative developments that affect communications markets and the wider digital economy.

For more information, click here. 

About Huawei

Founded in 1987, Huawei is a leading global provider of information and communications technology (ICT) infrastructure and smart devices. We are committed to bringing digital to every person, home and organization for a fully connected, intelligent world. Huawei's end-to-end portfolio of products, solutions and services are both competitive and secure. Through open collaboration with ecosystem partners, we create lasting value for our customers, working to empower people, enrich home life, and inspire innovation in organizations of all shapes and sizes. At Huawei, innovation puts the customer first. We invest heavily in fundamental research, concentrating on technological breakthroughs that drive the world forward. We have nearly 194,000 employees, and we operate in more than 170 countries and regions, serving more than three billion people around the world. Founded in 1987, Huawei is a private company fully owned by its employees.

For more information, click here. 

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