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EESC welcomes EU Disability Rights Strategy but identifies weaknesses that should be addressed




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The European Economic and Social Committee (EESC) hails the new EU Disability Rights Strategy as a step forward in implementing the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNCRPD). The Strategy has taken on board many of the suggestions proposed by the EESC, the European disability movement and civil society. The proposals include full harmonisation of the new agenda and strengthened EU-level supervision of its application. The EESC is, however, concerned about the watering down of the binding measures and hard law implementing the Strategy.

At its plenary session held on 7 July, the EESC adopted the opinion Strategy on the rights of persons with disabilities, in which it gave its take on the European Commission's new strategy, set to improve the lives of some 100 million Europeans with disabilities over the next decade.

Despite describing the new strategy as laudable and more ambitious than its predecessor, the EESC was concerned about the prospects of its sound implementation. It also deplored the absence of any concrete and specific measures to end discrimination against women and girls with disabilities.


"The Disability Rights Strategy can advance the rights of persons with disabilities in the EU and has potential to achieve real change, but this depends entirely on how well it is implemented and how ambitious the individual actions are. It has taken on board proposals from the EESC and the disability movement. However, it lacks ambition in binding legislation," said the rapporteur for the opinion, Ioannis Vardakastanis.

"We need to turn words into deeds. If the European Commission and the Member States are not ambitious in pushing for actions that challenge the status quo, the Strategy could well fall short of the expectations of around 100 million persons with disabilities in the EU," he warned.

The EU Recovery and Resilience Facility (RRF) should be strongly linked to the EU Disability Rights Strategy and help persons with disabilities to recover from the effects of the pandemic, as they were among the worst hit. The link with the implementation and monitoring of the Action Plan for the EU Pillar of Social Rights should also be ensured and maximised, the EESC said in the opinion.


Sufficient human and financial resources should be provided for the current monitoring system for EU actions relating to the UNCRPD. The EESC strongly recommended that the European Commission look at how EU institutions and Member States can cooperate to better include people with disabilities by reviewing the existing Declaration of Competences and ratifying the Optional Protocol to the UNCRPD. These steps will give the EU a more decisive say in Member States' compliance with the UNCRPD provisions. The Commission must also be resolute in opposing plans for investments that go against the UNCRPD, such as investments in institutional care settings.

The EESC called for specific actions addressing the needs of women and girls with disabilities through a flagship initiative in the second half of the EU Disability Rights Strategy period in order to ensure that the gender dimension was included. The focus on women should include a dimension of gender violence and women as informal carers of relatives with disabilities.

The EESC was pleased to see the proposal for a resource centre called AccessibleEU, one of the flagship initiatives of the new strategy, although it fell short of the EESC's request for an EU Access Board with broader competences. The objective of AccessibleEU would be to bring together national authorities responsible for implementing and enforcing accessibility rules and accessibility experts and professionals, and monitor the implementation of EU laws providing for accessibility. The Commission needs to be clear and transparent about how it plans to fund and staff this agency, and how it will make sure that persons with disabilities are represented, the EESC stressed.

The EESC strongly endorses the flagship initiative on the EU Disability Card and believes it has the potential to foster great change. However, it regrets that there is as yet no commitment on how to ensure it is recognised by the Member States. The Committee stresses the need for the Disability Card to be implemented by means of a regulation, which would make it directly applicable and enforceable throughout the EU.

People with disabilities should be given the possibility to play a full role in the political life of their communities.The EESC supports the plan for a guide on good electoral practice addressing the participation of persons with disabilities in the electoral process in order to guarantee their political rights.

It is crucial to focus on good-quality jobs for persons with disabilities, especially in the light of the COVID-19 pandemic. The EESC stresses that the main goal is not just higher employment rates, but also quality employment that allows people with disabilities to improve their social circumstances through work. The EESC suggests including indicators on the quality of employment of persons with disabilities.

The EESC also calls on the disability movement to be proactive and to push for each and every action of this Strategy to deliver on what it promises. Social partners and civil society organisations should fully support the implementation of the new Strategy. It is not the Strategy itself that will deliver real change for persons with disabilities, but rather the strength of each of its components over the coming decade, the EESC concluded.


Equality: 12th edition of EU Access City Award open for applications



The 12th Access City Award competition is now open for applications. The award rewards cities that have made particular efforts to be accessible and inclusive for persons with disabilities. EU cities with more than 50,000 inhabitants can apply until 8 September 2021. The 1st, 2nd and 3rd place winners will receive prizes of €150,000, €120,000 and €80,000 respectively. Because 2021 is the European Year of Rail, the Commission will give a special mention to a city that has made outstanding efforts to make its train stations accessible for all.

Equality Commissioner Helena Dalli said: “Several cities across the EU are leading the way in creating more accessible spaces. With the EU Access City Award we reward these efforts and make them more visible. All of us have a responsibility to make Europe fully accessible. This is why accessibility is one of the priorities in the EU's new Strategy for the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, presented in March.”

Last year's winner of the Access City Award was Jönköping in Sweden. The award-winners will be announced at the European Day of Persons with Disabilities conference on 3 December 2021. For more information on the award and how to apply, please visit the Access City Award 2022 webpage.


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A new ambitious EU Disability Strategy for 2021-2030



Following Parliament’s recommendations, the European Commission adopted an ambitious post-2020 disability strategy. Discover its priorities. Society 

The European Parliament called for an inclusive society in which the rights of people living with disabilities are protected and where there is no discrimination.

In June 2020, Parliament set out its priorities for a new post-2020 EU Disability Strategy, building upon the European Disability Strategy for 2010-2020.


In March 2021, the Commission adopted the Strategy for the Rights of Persons with Disabilities 2021-2030 encompassing Parliament’s main recommendations:

  • The mainstreaming of the rights of all people living with disabilities into all policies and areas.
  • Recovery and mitigation measures to avoid people with disabilities getting disproportionally affected by health crises such as COVID-19.
  • Equal access for people with disabilities to health care, employment, public transport, housing.
  • The implementation and further development of the EU disability card pilot project, which allows for the mutual recognition of disabilities in some EU countries.
  • People with disabilities, their families and organisations were part of the dialogue and will be part of the process of implementation.

People living with disabilities in Europe: facts and figures  

  • There are an estimated 87 million people with disabilities in the EU.
  • The employment rate of people with disabilities (aged 20-64) stands at 50.8%, compared to 75% for people without disabilities. 
  • 28.4% of people with disabilities in the EU are at risk of poverty or social exclusion, compared to 17.8% of the general population.  
A differently-abled man working in an amputee shop for production of prosthetic extremity parts.©Hedgehog94/AdobeStock
A man working in an amputee shop on the production of a prosthetic extremity parts.©Hedgehog94/AdobeStock  

EU disability measures so far

The European Disability Strategy was put in place to implement the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities 

  • An international legally binding human rights treaty setting minimum standards to protect the rights of people with disabilities 
  • The EU and all member states have ratified it 
  • Both EU and member states are obliged to implement the obligations, according to their competences 

Among the concrete initiatives launched thanks to the European Disability Strategy is the European Accessibility Act, which ensures that more products and services like smartphones, tablets, ATMs or e-books are accessible to people with disabilities.

The directive on web accessibility means people with disabilities have easier access to online data and services online because websites and apps operated by public sector institutions, such as hospitals, courts or universities, are required to be accessible.

The Erasmus+ student exchange programme promotes the mobility of participants with disabilities.

EU rules also ensure improved access to transport and better passenger rights for people living with disabilities.

Find out more on EU policies for a more social Europe.

Find out more 

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Union of Equality: European Commission presents Strategy for the Rights of Persons with Disabilities 2021-2030



On 3 March, the European Commission presented an ambitious Strategy for the Rights of Persons with Disabilities 2021-2030 to ensure their full participation in society, on an equal basis with others in the EU and beyond, in line with the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union and the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union, which establish equality and non-discrimination as cornerstones of EU policies. Persons with disabilities have the right to take part in all areas of life, just like everyone else. Even though the past decades brought progress in access to healthcare, education, employment, recreation activities and participation in political life, many obstacles remain. It is time to scale up European action.

The new strategy builds on its predecessor, the European Disability Strategy 2010-2020, and contributes to the implementation of the European Pillar of Social Rights for which an Action Plan will be adopted by the Commission this week, which serves as a compass for employment and social policies in Europe. The strategy supports implementation by the EU and its Member States of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities at both EU and national levels.

Values and Transparency Vice President Vera Jourová said: “The protection of the rights of persons with disabilities has to be at the centre of our efforts, including in our response to the coronavirus. People with disabilities have been among those hit hardest by the COVID-19 crisis. We must strive to ensure that people with disabilities quality of life improves and their rights are guaranteed!”


“Since its inception, the European project focused on removing barriers, in line with its vision of a Union in Diversity. However, many persons with disabilities continue to face obstacles, for instance when looking for a job or using public transport,” said Equality Commissioner Helena Dalli. She added: “People with disabilities should be able to participate equally in all areas of life. Living independently, learning in an inclusive environment, and working under appropriate standards are conditions that we need to ensure to all citizens to enable them to flourish and live life to the fullest.”

Enhancing equal participation and non-discrimination

The ten-year strategy sets out key initiatives around three main themes:

  • EU rights: Persons with disabilities have the same right as other EU citizens to move to another country or to participate in political life. Building on the experience of the pilot project ongoing in eight countries, by the end of 2023 the European Commission will propose a European Disability Card for all EU countries that will facilitate mutual recognition of disability status between Member States, helping disabled people enjoy their right of free movement. The Commission will also work closely with member states to ensure the participation of persons with disabilities in the electoral process in 2023.
  • Independent living and autonomy: Persons with disabilities have the right to live independently and choose where and with whom they want to live. To support independent living and inclusion in the community, the Commission will develop guidance and launch an initiative to improve social services for persons with disabilities.
  • Non-discrimination and equal opportunities: The strategy aims to protect persons with disabilities from any form of discrimination and violence. It aims to ensure equal opportunities in and access to justice, education, culture, sport and tourism. Equal access must also be guaranteed to all health services and employment.

It is impossible to participate in society on an equal basis with others when your environment – physical or virtual – is not accessible. Thanks to a solid EU legal framework (e.g. the European Accessibility ActWeb Accessibility DirectivePassenger Rights) access has improved, however, many areas are still not covered by EU rules, and there are differences in the accessibility of buildings, public spaces, and some modes of transport. Therefore, the European Commission will launch a European resource centre ‘AccessibleEU' in 2022, to build a knowledge base of information and good practices on accessibility across sectors.  

Delivering the strategy: Close co-operation with EU countries and mainstreaming in internal and external policies

Delivering on the strategy's ambitions will require a strong commitment from all Member States. EU countries are key actors in the implementation of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. The Commission will establish the Disability Platform, bringing together national authorities responsible for implementation of the Convention, organisations of persons with disabilities and the Commission to support implementation of the strategy and to enhance cooperation and exchange on implementing the Convention. The Platform will have a comprehensive online presence and ensure continuity of activities throughout the year. Persons with disabilities will be part of the dialogue and part of the process of implementing the Strategy for the Rights of Persons with Disabilities 2021-2030.

The Commission will integrate disability matters into all EU policies and major initiatives. Because the rights of persons with disabilities do not end at Europe's borders, the Commission will promote the rights of persons with disabilities globally. With this strategy, the EU will reinforce its role as an advocate for the rights of persons with disabilities. The EU will use instruments such as technical assistance and financial programmes, support via EU delegation, political dialogues and work in multilateral fora to support partner countries in their endeavours to implement the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and provide guidance to implement the SDGs in a disability inclusive manner.


As announced by President von der Leyen, the Strategy for the Rights of Persons with Disabilities 2021-2030 contributes to building the Union of Equality, together with the LGBTIQ Equality Strategy 2020-2025, the EU Anti-Racism Action Plan 2020-2025, the Gender Equality Strategy 2020-2025 and the EU Roma Strategic Framework.

The United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNCRPD), adopted by the UN in 2006, was a breakthrough for the rights of persons with disabilities: all member states are party to it, and it is the first human rights convention concluded also by the EU. Parties to the Convention are required to promote, protect and fulfil the human rights of all persons with disabilities and ensure their equality under the law. With this Strategy, the Commission provides the framework supporting EU and Member States' actions to implement the UNCRPD.

The European Disability Strategy 2010-2020 paved the way to a barrier-free Europe, for example with directives such as the European Accessibility Act, that requires key products and services such as phones, computers, e-books, banking services and electronic communications to be accessible and usable for persons with a variety of disabilities. EU passenger rights ensure that persons with disabilities have access to road, air, rail or sea travel. Through policies for international cooperation, the EU has also led the way globally in promoting the inclusion and full participation of persons with disabilities.

More information

Communication: Union of Equality: Strategy for the Rights of Persons with Disabilities 2021-2030

Easy-to-read version: Strategy for the rights of persons with disabilities 2021-2030

Q&A: Strategy for the Rights of Persons with Disabilities 2021-2030

Factsheet: Strategy for the Rights of Persons with Disabilities 2021-2030

News in easy-to-read: The European Commission puts out a new strategy to protect the rights of persons with disabilities

More information on EU initiatives for persons with disabilities

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