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Uzbekistan's efforts to support young people and promote public health




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At the initiative of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev, the year 2021 has been declared in the country as 'The Year of Support of the Youth and Strengthening of Public Health' with large-scale reforms and noble deeds being implemented across the country.

It is worth mentioning that various ministries and agencies of Uzbekistan are taking active part in such initiatives along with the general public of the country.

One of such noble projects has recently been implemented by the Ministry of Defense of the Republic of Uzbekistan. In order to support the initiative of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan – the Supreme Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces Shavkat Mirziyoyev, the Uzbek MoD has provided a practical assistance to Ms. Maftuna Usarova, an Uzbek citizen who was diagnosed with an extremely rare disease – the Takayasu syndrome several years ago.

Maftuna Usarova

Since 2018, Maftuna has undergone several treatment courses in a number of hospitals in Uzbekistan, including the Central Military Clinical Hospital of the Ministry of Defense, and her condition has improved significantly. However, to continue the treatment process without interruption and consolidate the progress achieved, Maftuna needed treatment with the use of state-of-the-art technologies which are available only in a few countries of the world.

With a view to efficiently executing the tasks defined by the Commander-in-Chief, the MoD ensured that Maftuna was admitted in Asklepios Klinik Altona Hospital in Germany to receive treatment that she needed.

The Asklepios Klinik Altona is Europe’s largest medical concern, covering all areas of medical specializations and having more than 100 medical institutions at its disposal. In Hamburg alone, there are six clinics with almost 13,000 medical staff including 1,800 doctors.


Thanks to the efforts of the Ministry of Defense of Uzbekistan, Maftuna Usarova underwent a two-week treatment course in August 2021 at Asklepios Klinik Altona and was able to significantly improve her condition. At the same time, the treating doctors expressed their readiness to provide an appropriate medical recommendations as necessary even after the Maftuna’s discharge and return to Uzbekistan.

The staff of the Embassies of the Republic of Uzbekistan in Belgium and Germany were closely involved in this noble project. In particular, diplomatic missions provided support to ensure that the patient enjoyed the highest quality services.

In conclusion, one might say that large-scale reforms initiated by President Shavkat Mirziyoyev are giving their results with thousands of people now enjoying high quality medical services.  


Uzbekistan presidential elections are likely to be an acid test for the country’s future course



As Uzbekistan is on the verge of the upcoming presidential elections set for 24 October, the international community is concerned about the country’s further political course. And for a good reason, writes Olga Malik.

The changes brought by current president Shavkat Mirziyoyev demonstrate a real break with the country’s past. Published in 2017, the Mirziyoyev’s Development Strategy for 2017-2021, aimed to “modernize and liberalize all spheres of life” e.g. state and society; rule of law and the judicial system; economic development; social policy and security; foreign policy, nationalities and religion policies. The proposed steps included the lifting of foreign currency con­trols, tariff reduc­tions, the liberalization of the visa regime and many more.

Such rapid changes were in a big contrast with the conservatism of Islam Karimov, the country’s former President and quickly became the point of interest for European countries and the United States. Earlier last month, Secretary of State Antony Blinken during the meeting with Uzbekistan Foreign Minister Abdulaziz Kamilov stressed the “Uzbekistan’s progress on its reform agenda, including when it comes to combatting trafficking in persons, protecting religious freedom and expanding space for civil society”. However, he also called for “the importance of promoting the protection of fundamental freedoms, including the need to have a free and competitive electoral process”, alluding to the country’s authoritarian political regime. The country’s authorities as well as the ministries confirm they get loads of recommendations every year from Western partners on how to assure and maintain a more autonomous civil society system.


Yet, such “overcare” for the Uzbekistan’s democracy and liberty coming from the outside might provoke a reverse effect considering the national pride and independent spirit. For instance, the push for integration of such social values as support of sexual minorities and gay marriages common for European and Western countries may lead to the split in the society as such standards still remain aloof to the Uzbek mentality. The Uzbekistan’s path for liberalization is largely dependent on the national leader’s views while the outside soft power methods will only work when the local people are still given enough of freedom to draw the country’s further compass. The upcoming elections will likely be an acid test for the country’s future.

By Olga Malik

For EU Reporter


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Electoral process transformation in Uzbekistan: Achievements and challenges during 30 years of independence



"Uzbekistan is a country with rich history and dynamically developing present, with its priority to move towards an open democratic society. Human and civil rights and freedoms where the voice of every citizen is heard are the priorities for a democratic society. A democratic society exists when power is formed legitimately through universal suffrage and free elections. Democratic society and democracy are more often exercised as a political and social phenomenon; its legal foundations are enshrined in normative legal acts," writes Dr. Gulnoza Ismailova, member of the Central Election Commission of Uzbekistan.

"The preamble to the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan affirms its commitment to the ideals of democracy and social justice. Article 7 of the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan states: "The people are the sole source of state power. This norm reflects the essence of building statehood in the Republic of Uzbekistan. The people and their will are the core of democracy.

"Recognizing the priority of the generally accepted norms of international law Uzbekistan has implemented international standards into its legislation. The Constitution of our country has implemented this provision, reflecting in Article 32: All citizens of the Republic of Uzbekistan shall have the right to participate in the management and administration of public and state affairs, both directly and through representation. They may exercise this right by way of self-government, referendums and democratic formation of state bodies, as well as development and improvement of public control over activities of state bodies.


"In modern democracies, elections are the foundation of the principle of democracy, it is the main form of expression of the will of citizens and a form of realization of popular sovereignty. Participation in elections makes it possible to exercise the right to participate in the management of the affairs of society and the state, as well as to control the formation and activities of bodies of both representative and executive power. Paragraph 6 of the 1990 OSCE Copenhagen Document establishes that the will of the people, freely and fairly expressed through periodic and genuine elections, is the basis of the authority and legitimacy of the government. The participating States will accordingly respect the right of their citizens to take part in the governing of their country, either directly or through representatives freely chosen by them through fair electoral processes. Article 117 of the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan guarantees the right to vote, equality, and freedom of expression.

"On the verge of celebrating the 30th anniversary of the independence of the Republic of Uzbekistan, looking back, we can note its bright breakthrough in the field of transparency and openness over the past five years. Uzbekistan has acquired a new image in the international arena. By the 2019 elections held under the slogan 'New Uzbekistan – New elections' is real evidence for that.

"First of all, it should be noted that the elections-2019 were of historical importance, which testified to the irreversibility of the path of adopted reforms. For the first time, the elections were held under the guidance of the Electoral Code, adopted on June 25, 2019, which regulates relations related to the preparation and conduct of elections and establishes guarantees that ensure the free expression of the will of citizens of the Republic of Uzbekistan. The adoption of the Electoral Code served to unify 5 laws and many regulatory documents. The Electoral Code has been fully brought into line with international standards.


"Secondly, the 2019 elections were held in the context of strengthening democratic principles in the life of society, openness and transparency, significant liberalization of the socio-political environment, and the increased role and status of the media. The principle of transparency and openness is one of the fundamental principles of elections. This principle is enshrined in many international agreements and documents. Its main features are the promulgation of decisions related to the conduct of elections, the obligation of the electoral body (election commission) to publish its decisions on the results of the elections, as well as the ability to carry out public and international observation of the elections.

"Following the statistics, about 60,000 observers of political parties, more than 10,000 observers of citizens' self-government bodies (Mahalla), 1,155 representatives of local and foreign media took part in the monitoring process. In addition, along with local observers, first-time accreditation was granted to a full-fledged OSCE / ODIHR observer mission, and a total of 825 international observers were registered.

"For an objective assessment, we may refer for an example to the Final Report presented by the OSCE / ODIHR Mission, which says that the elections were held against the backdrop of improved legislation and increased tolerance for independent opinions. The report assessed the work of the CEC of the Republic of Uzbekistan positively, saying it "made great efforts for better preparation for the parliamentary elections." It is amazing to see the results of the work done.

"In the year of the celebration of the 30th anniversary of state independence, our country continues cardinal transformations aimed at creating a New Uzbekistan, where human rights, freedoms, and legitimate interests are of the highest value. Among the most important directions in the country are democratic transformations aimed at liberalizing social and political life, and freedom of the media.

"These days, preparatory work is in full swing for an important political event – the election of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan. All processes are conducted openly, transparently, and based on the national electoral legislation and the time frames specified therein. The time for electoral action is both political and legal time. The following changes and additions have been made to the Electoral Code recently this year:

"Primarily, this year, for the first time, presidential elections will be held on the first Sunday of the third decade of October, under the amendments to the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan introduced by the law dated by February 8 this year. This major political campaign was launched on July 23 this year.

"Second, a procedure for the inclusion in the voter list of the citizens of Uzbekistan who live abroad has been introduced. They can vote regardless they are registered in the consular register of diplomatic missions or not, and a legal basis for voters abroad when using portable ballot boxes at the place of residence or work has been created. This practice was first implemented in the 2019 parliamentary elections.

"Third, this election campaign operates and is formed on the principles based on publicity; for the first time, an estimate of expenses for the preparation and conduct of elections of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan was openly presented. The exact procedure for paying wages and compensation to members of election commissions, calculating their salaries has been established. To ensure transparency in the use of funds allocated for pre-election campaigning in accordance with the Law on the Financing of Political Parties, a procedure is being introduced for announcing an interim report and a final financial report after the elections, as well as announcing the results of an audit of parties' activities by the Accounting Chamber.

"Fourth, to prevent the receipt of repeated complaints against the election commissions, and their adoption of conflicting decisions, the practice has been introduced that only courts consider complaints about the actions and decisions of election commissions.

"In 2019, during the elections, the Electoral Management Information System (EMIS) and the Unified Electronic Voter List (EECI) were successfully introduced into the national electoral system. The regulation of this system based on the Electoral Code guarantees the implementation of unified voter registration and the principle 'one voter – one vote'. To date, more than 21 million voters have been included in the EESI.

"The organization of presidential elections in New Uzbekistan is a logical continuation of the ongoing large-scale democratic reforms in the country. And they will become a vivid confirmation of the implementation of the tasks defined in the Action Strategy for the five priority areas of development of the Republic of Uzbekistan.

"The participation of representatives of international organizations and foreign observers in holding the presidential elections is important as the campaign is based on democratic principles of openness and publicity. In recent years, their number and participation have significantly increased in Uzbekistan, compared to previous elections.

"Thousands of representatives of political parties, citizens' self-government bodies and hundreds of international observers, journalists, including international ones, will observe the process of preparation and conduct of the presidential elections, including the voting of voters.

"In May, experts from the Needs Assessment Mission of the OSCE Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR) visited Uzbekistan, who positively assessed the pre-election situation and the process of preparing for the elections, the measures taken to ensure the holding of free and democratic elections in the country. As a result, they expressed an opinion on sending a full-fledged mission to observe the presidential elections.

"I believe that these elections are of historical importance, which will testify the irreversibility of the path of adopted reforms, which aimed at strengthening our democracy."

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Prospects of reforms in the context of the development of independent Uzbekistan



An international scientific and practical conference on the theme "New era and development prospects of Uzbekistan" was held in Tashkent at the International Palace of Forums.

At the international expert platform, the director of the Center for Economic Research and Reforms (CERR) under the President Administration of the Republic of Uzbekistan, Dr. Obid Khakimov, delivered a presentation.

In his speech, Obid Khakimov spoke about the turning points of reforms in Uzbekistan, in particular about economic directions.


Independent Uzbekistan celebrates its 30th anniversary in 2 days. On the eve of gaining independence, the country's economy was far from being successful, and the standard of living was one of the lowest in the former USSR. The share of the population with an average per capita income was less than 75 rubles a month, while in the country as a whole it was slightly more than 12%. With the collapse of the USSR, economic ties began to break, production fell, and the already low standard of living and social protection was rapidly declining.

In these difficult conditions, a model of its own transition to market relations was developed under five principles: the economy takes precedence over politics, the state acts as the main reformer, the rule of law, strong social protection and reforms had been carried out in stages.

By the mid-tenths, the development of the Uzbek economy began to slow down due to too strict administrative regulation and closeness. In 2016, the new President of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev began a new stage of reforms in all spheres of life. In February 2017, he approved the Action Strategy for the five priority areas of development of Uzbekistan in 2017-2021.


Key areas of the new stage: improving state and social construction, ensuring the rule of law and reforming the judicial and legal system, developing and liberalizing the economy, developing the social sphere, ensuring security, implementing a balanced and constructive foreign policy. In all these areas, important steps have been taken in recent years.

Monetary policy

Until 2017, one of the main criticisms of the Uzbek economy was ineffective monetary policy based on non-market rules. In 2017, the introduction of free foreign exchange convertibility has significantly improved the business environment.

Government participation in financial markets distorts markets and leads to inefficiency. From January 1, 2020, interest rates on loans issued by commercial banks in national currency began to be set at a level not lower than the refinancing rate of the Central Bank, and from January 1, 2021, commercial banks were given the right to independently determine interest rates.

The positive impact of reforms in this area is also evidenced by the World Bank estimates, the reduction in inflation allowed the Central Bank to reduce the base rate from 16% to 14%. Credit growth to the economy slowed from 52% in 2019 to 34% in 2020. Despite declining capital adequacy ratios and an increase in problem loans, Uzbekistan's financial system has sufficient capital (above Basel III minimum requirements) to cope with potential credit shocks.

In line with the main directions of monetary policy for 2021 and for the period 2022-2023, targets have been set to reduce inflation to 10% in 2021 and a constant inflation target of 5% from 2023. The current “relatively tight” monetary policy conditions will remain in place until the end of 2021. The consolidated budget deficit is projected to fall to 2.5% of GDP in 2022. Structural reforms will continue and regulated prices will be liberalized in 2022-2023.

Fiscal policy

Another key reform aimed at reducing the tax burden and simplifying the tax system was the introduction of a new version of the Tax Code. Since 2018, a course has been taken towards the phased abolition of tax benefits and preferences. But COVID-19 has forced the government to seek tax breaks as part of an unprecedented government pandemic stimulus package to support the population and the economy.

Over the period 2017-2020, the state budget revenues as a whole increased by 2.7 times. At the same time, the receipts from direct taxes increased 3.9 times, indirect taxes – 1.8 times, resource taxes and property tax – 3.1 times. The growth in budget revenues was mainly due to an increase in the number of taxpayers.

Moreover, further improvements in tax policy will continue in the coming years. In particular, the role of environmental taxes remains insignificant, which requires an increase in the environmental focus of taxation. Important areas of tax reform will also be: reducing tax pressure on enterprise spending, stimulating investment and innovation.


In conclusion, Obid Khakimov noted that the dynamic growth of the Uzbek economy, which has been observed in recent years, as well as the economies of other countries, has been slowed down by the coronavirus pandemic, but is actively recovering this year.

GDP in the first three months of 2021 increased by 3%. The World Bank forecasts that economic growth in Uzbekistan in 2021 and 2022 will reach 4.8% and 5.5%, respectively, and the EBRD – 5.6% in 2021 and 6% in 2022. The ongoing economic reforms are already producing a tangible positive effect, which will only intensify in the context of the post-pandemic recovery growth of the world economy.

The event was organized by the Academy of Sciences of Uzbekistan, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Higher and Secondary Specialized Education and Ministry of Culture.

It was attended by Alexander Sergeev, President of the Academy of Sciences of the Russian Federation, Murat Zhurinov, President of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Murat Dzhumataev President of the Academy of Sciences of the Kyrgyz Republic, Farhod Rakhimi President of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Tatarstan, Vladimir Kvint, Academician of the Academy of Sciences of the Russian Federation, Director of the Center for Strategic Studies of the Institute for Mathematical Research in Complex systems of Moscow State University, Sadik Safayev, First Deputy Chairman of the Senate of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan, Akmal Saidov, First Deputy Speaker of the Legislative Chamber of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan, Behzod Yuldashev, President of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Uzbekistan and others.

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