However, since the Green Capital award was established in 2010 (fawarded to Copenhagen, pictured,in 2014) no specific attention has ever been given to pesticides, despite the danger from exposure was recognized by the European Union decades ago leading to the establishment of the Sustainable Use Directive on Pesticides (SUDP) in 2009 (2).
During the recent Green Week organized in Brussels, the selection criterias for municipalities wishing to become Europe Green Capital in 2017 were published (3). For the first time, making a strong reference to the SUDP reminding "the need to improve water quality, minimize or prohibit use in certain specific areas such as public and protected areas, and introduction of integrated pest management in European farming sector".
As a result, municipalities wishing to participate in the 2017 award will need to give details regarding trends in local water quality, and regarding their intention to reduce use of pesticides in both public areas and in protected – or green – areas. However, municipalities still do not need to give details regarding how to detox the food which is eaten in the cities, despite the fact that low input agriculture, especially organic in local food chains – have huge potential as drivers in the local change towards the development of sustainable societies (4).
PAN Europe President François Veillerette said: "It is great that EU is now asking
municipalities to name actions on pesticide issues to become considered as Green Capitals.
PAN Europe and our national PAN groups are more and more often contacted by concerned
parents, dog owners, nature lovers etc. for advise and actions, and organic town is a fast
growing phenomenon." (5).
Nick Mole, PAN UK, added: “Copenhagen, European Green Capital in 2014, banned the use
of pesticides in public areas in 1997, showing that cities wanting to be really green cannot
continue to use poisons in the parks and streets where its citizens work, live and play.
We hope that Bristol will take of of this and commit to going pesticide free in time for 2015.”
(1) Click here.
(2) Directive 2009/128/EC of 21 October 2009 on Sustainable Use of Pesticides.
(3) Click here.
(4) The guideline on EU Green Capitals specifies refers to article ‘11, 12 and 14 of the
Sustainable Use of Pesticides Directive 128/2009’, While municipalities will have to explain: 1) what is done on water quality, among others defined in article 11 of the SUDP on specific measures to protect the aquatic environment and drinking water; and 2) what they will do to reduce pesticide use in public and sensitive – green – areas, among others defined in article 12 on reduction of pesticide use or risks in specific areas. Municipalities still do not need to explain which ‘measures they take to promote low pesticide-input pest management, giving wherever possible priority to non-chemical methods, so that professional users of pesticides switch to practices and products with the lowest risk to human health and the environment among those available for the same pest problem, including both integrated pest management and organic farming, though this is a clear requirement according to article 14 of the SUDP.
(5) See the map of the 768 French towns already detoxed here.
Europe's time: How not to waste it?
It is a historic moment for Europe. That is how the European Commission entitled the list of proposed measures to restore the economy of the European Union estimated at a record amount of 750 billion euros, with 500 billion being allocated free of charge as grants and another 250 billion – as loans. The EU member states should approve the plan of the European Commission in order to «contribute to a better future for a new generation».
According to the head of the European Commission Ursula von der Leyen, «Efficient approval of the plan will be a clear sign of European unity, our solidarity and common priorities». A significant part of the recovery measures is aimed at implementing the «Green Deal», a phased transition to climate neutrality of the EU countries. About 20 billion euros will be allocated to co-finance the existing InvestEU program aimed at supporting the development of sustainable energy technologies, including carbon capture and storage projects.
One of the most promising projects in this field is currently being implemented in the Netherlands in the Rhine–Meuse delta, which is of crucial importance for European and international shipping. The Smart Delta Resources Consortium has launched a campaign to assess all aspects of the carbon capture and storage systems construction for their subsequent reuse. It is planned that the consortium will be capturing 1 million tons of carbon dioxide per year starting from 2023 with a subsequent increase to 6.5 million tons in 2030, which will reduce the total share of emissions in the region by 30%.
One of the consortium members is the Zeeland refinery (a joint venture of TOTAL and LUKOIL that works with Europe's largest integrated refinery Total Antwerp Refinery). This Dutch plant is one of the industry leaders in climate neutrality. Digital optimization system for the processing of middle distillates (which includes marine fuel that complies with the strict requirements of IMO 2020 that have recently entered into force), as well as the recently upgraded and one of the largest hydrocracking facilities in Europe are installed at the plant.
According to Leonid Fedun, Vice President for Strategic Development of LUKOIL, the company is European and, consequently, feels an obligation to comply with current trends, including climate trends that define the market today.
At the same time, according to Fedun, climate neutrality in Europe will be achieved only by 2065, and in order to achieve it the global harmonization of regulatory approaches of all parties to the Paris Agreement is important.
The measures proposed by the European Commission to support the economies of member states may become a significant step along this path, as its first stage will be the development and internal coordination of each member state reorganization plans in the energy sector and in the economy field.
Using existing breakthrough projects in the field of climate neutrality as the best industry practices for the entire region may help shorten the time needed to implement support measures as well as become an instrument for a dialogue within supranational organizations and international agreements such as the Paris Climate Agreement.
How to preserve #Biodiversity - EU policy
In order to preserve endangered species, the EU wants to improve and preserve biodiversity on the continent.
In January, Parliament called for an ambitious EU 2030 Biodiversity Strategy to address the main drivers of biodiversity loss, and set legally binding targets, including conservation of at least 30% of natural areas and 10% of the long-term budget devoted to biodiversity
In response, and as part of the Green Deal, the European Commission presented the new 2030 strategy in May 2020.
MEP chair Pascal Canfin, chair of Parliament's environment committee, welcomed the commitment to cut pesticide use with 50% and for 25% of farm products to be organic by 2030 as well as the 30% conservation target, but said the strategies must be transformed into EU law and implemented.
What has been done to safeguard biodiversity and endangered species in Europe?
EU efforts to improve biodiversity are ongoing under the 2020 Biodiversity Strategy, which was introduced in 2010.
The EU's 2020 Biodiversity Strategy
- The Birds Directive aims to protect all 500 wild bird species naturally occurring in the EU
- The Habitats Directive ensures the conservation of a wide range of rare, threatened or endemic animal and plant species, including some 200 rare and characteristic habitat types
- Natura 2000 is the largest network of protected areas in the world, with core breeding and resting sites for rare and threatened species, and rare natural habitat types
- The EU Pollinator’s Initiative aims to address the decline of pollinators in the EU and contribute to global conservation efforts, focusing on improving knowledge of the decline, tackling the causes and raising awareness
Additionally, the European Life programme brought for example the Iberian Lynx and the Bulgarian lesser kestrel back from near extinction.
The final assessment of the 2020 strategy has yet to be concluded, but according to the midterm assessment, approved by Parliament, the targets to protect species and habitats, maintain and restore ecosystems and make seas healthier were making progress, but had to speed up.
The objective to combat the invasion of alien species was well on track. In strong contrast, the contribution of agriculture and forestry to maintain and enhance biodiversity had made little progress.
The Natura 2000 network of protected nature areas in Europe has increased significantly over the past decade and now covers more than 18% of the EU land area.
Between 2008 and 2018, the marine Natura 2000 network grew more than fourfold to cover 360,000 km2. Many bird species have recorded increases in population and the status of many other species and habitats has significantly improved.
Despite its successes, the scale of these initiatives is insufficient to offset the negative trend. The main drivers of biodiversity loss - loss and degradation of habitat, pollution, climate change and invasive alien species - persist and many are on the increase, requiring a much greater effort.
The EU's 2030 Biodiversity Strategy
For the next 10 years, the EU will focus on an EU-wide network of protected areas on land and at sea, concrete commitments to restore degraded systems, enable change by making the measures workable and binding and take the lead in tackling biodiversity on a global level.
The new strategy outlining the EU ambition for the post-2020 global biodiversity framework was due to be adopted at the 15th UN Convention on Biological Diversity in October 2020 in China, which has been postponed.
Once adopted, the Commission plans to make concrete proposals by 2021.
Connecting knowledge for regional action towards a #SustainableBioeconomy for Europe
The Bioregions Facility connects forward-thinking regions across Europe to work together to unlock their regional potential through international exchange on the forest circular bioeconomy. In this initiative, coordinated by the European Forest Institute (EFI), the three pioneer regions are Basque Country (Spain), North Karelia (Finland), and North Rhine-Westphalia, (Germany).
The Bioregions Facility kicks off with a launch event on 9 March held in Bilbao, Spain, and which will be opened by the President of the Basque Government, Iñigo Urkullu. EFI Director, Marc Palahí, and high-level representatives from the European Union and the three pioneer regions will be joined by leading speakers from the fields of business, finance and research.
Peter Wehrheim, Head of the Bioeconomy and Food Systems Unit represents the European Commission's Directorate-General for Research and Innovation while Philippe Mengal, Director of the Bio-based Industries Joint Undertaking (BBI JU), will speak on public-private partnerships for the bioeconomy. Adrian Enache, Forestry Sector and Rural Development Specialist at European Investment Bank will discuss investing in the circular bioeconomy and Nick Lyth, CEO of Green Angel Syndicate presents the investor perspective on the bioeconomy. Ulrika Landergren, Chair of The Commission for Natural Resources (NAT) of the European Committee of the Regions, will speak about the role of regions in achieving a circular bioeceonomy.
The event is the starting point to launch practical action and cooperation on a transformation towards a forest-based circular bioeconomy. Alternatives to high carbon, energy intense and non-renewable products like plastics, concrete or steel are urgently required in the face of the climate crisis where administrations are under increasing pressure to meet Paris Agreement targets and to find real solutions for carbon neutrality.
Intelligent, efficient and sustainable use of ecosystems and biomass can produce biomaterials, products and services that can replace carbon dependency but these must be relevant for local contexts. Such regional variances include natural ecosystems, availability of forest and other bioresources as well as existing technological and socio-economic conditions. However, to succeed and scale up, regional action should be based on international cooperation within a joint European vision, which is what is offered by the Bioregions Facility.
Following the launch event, the call will be open for other regions to join the initiative and there is already interest from several other regions, some of which will send representatives to the launch event to learn more.
“Regions offer the first meaningful scale to connect all relevant actors, rural and urban, primary producers and industries, innovation centers and political institutions” comments EFI Director, Marc Palahí. “All of them are needed for a successful and sustainable bioeconomy. Therefore, regions are key building blocks to unlock the potential of the bioeconomy and I am delighted that EFI is launching this initiative which supports science-informed collaboration between regions to bring the bioeconomy to action in Europe.”
The launch event will be followed by an operational day where the three pioneer regions will begin work on plans for joint strategies and actions, capacity building, partnering and exchanging experiences.
The Bioregions Facility launch event takes place on 9 March 2020 at the Palacio Euskaduna, Bilbao, Spain.
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