Asian leaders to meet in #Dushanbe for major summit

| June 13, 2019

The Dushanbe Summit, to be held in the Tajikistan capital on June 15th, is a continuation of the efforts of the Conference on Interaction and Confidence-Building Measures in Asia (CICA), which numbers 27 members states. The summit will bring together high-level delegations who are expected to adopt an ambitious document, Dushanbe Declaration, which will cover all issues of cooperation within CICA.

The Member States, whilst affirming their commitment to the UN Charter, believe that peace and security in Asia can only be achieved through dialogue and cooperation leading to a common indivisible area of security in Asia where all states co-exist peacefully and their peoples live in peace, freedom and prosperity.

Prior to the main event, on the 14th the summit of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation is to take place, also involving CICA member states. This will be the 5th summit of CICA heads of state, the organisation of which is credited to the first president of Kazakhstan, Nursultan Nazarbayev who announced the initiative in 1992.

“(The aspect) on which I would like to dwell is the problem of peace and security on our continent – Asia, or even wider – Eurasia. We are talking about the initiative of the Republic of Kazakhstan to hold the Conference on Interaction and Confidence Building Measures in Asia. The idea of creating on the continent structures of security and co- operation in Asia in the style of the same structures in Europe has long been in the air, but has not yet received wide support,” – Nursultan Nazarbayev, speaking at the 47th session of the UN General Assembly, October 1992.

Amongst the delegates at the summit will be His Excellency Xi Jinping, President of the People’s Republic of China, who will discuss the situation regarding the developing trade war with the United States. The Chinese leader, who is already in Dushanbe, yesterday (June 12th), unveiled his book ‘The Governance of China’ which outlines his political thoughts.

Kassym-Jomart Tokayev, the newly elected President of Kazakhstan, will speak about the situation in Afghanistan, where fears are currently being voiced about the redeployment of Islamic State militants from Iraq and Syria. He will also repeat Kazakhstan’s call for the EU, USA, Russia and China to sit down together at the negotiating table.

Iranian President Hassan Rouhani, and Recep Tayyip Erdoğan of Turkey will also be present.

Heads of delegations will set out their respective approaches to ensuring regional and global security, attention will also be paid to issues of strategic security and stability, issues of dealing with various challenges and threats. The Palestinian leadership will be present, and so it is possible that the United States’ much vaunted “deal of the century” will also be discussed, along with the situation on the Korean Peninsula

Other current and pressing issues on the agenda will be the combating of money laundering, cybercrime, information technology, energy efficiency, infrastructure development, agriculture, SMEs, health and education in order to strengthen the resilience of the states.

From its inception, CICA has been credited with providing a forum in which India and Pakistan are able to air their differences and to debate in a friendly and neutral environment. Since the last summit there has been increased tension and air and ground conflict between the two nuclear armed nations over Kashmir, which has involved loss of military and civilian lives, and it is hoped that CICA will play a part in reducing the risk of further conflict.

In addition to the CICA member states, 13 observers, including representatives of international organisations – the United Nations, the League of Arab States, the International Organisation for Migration, the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), and the Parliamentary Assembly of Turkic-speaking countries will participate.

Whilst CICA is not as yet a powerful organisation capable of resolving all the emerging problems or frozen conflicts at once, it is however an effective platform for mediation and co-operation.

Many Asian leaders understand and acknowledge the need to reformat CICA’s activities, which has already successfully functioned as an international forum and dialogue platform, and to transform it now into an organisation that will be able to deal with urgent intergovernmental problems, primarily economic cooperation and the resolution of existing conflicts.

That is, for what should become the Asian counterpart of the OSCE should become, a wide field of activity is already in place. All previous work on the development of the CICA gives grounds to consider the new project to be both realistic and sustainable.

Given the size and scope of this project, which embraces states in which around half of the world’s population live, we should not forget how this process began.

Over 650 international journalists are expected in Dushanbe to cover the event.

 

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Category: A Frontpage, Kazakhstan, Politics

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