Connect with us

Developing countries

EU co-operation with Latin America

Published

on

slide1The EU has more than 18 years' experience of regional co-operation in Latin America. Between 2007- 2013 the EU provided €556 million for regional funds, spent in the areas of social cohesion, water management, socio-economic development, higher education and information society, amongst others.

At the EUROsociAL conference in Brussels on 24-25 March, Development Commissioner Andris Piebalgs, announced new EU support of at least €2.4 billion for Latin America for the years 2014 to 2020, which is part of the Development Co-operation Instrument (DCI). This is to be spent on the areas of security, good governance, accountability and social equity, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, environmental sustainability, resilience and climate change, and Erasmus+.

18 countries (Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Venezuela) are covered by the DCI and eligible for these regional funds.

EU co-operation with Peru and Ecuador

Ecuador

• With a population of approximately 15.5 million, Ecuador is the most densely populated country in South America and is classified as an upper middle income country.

• Ecuador is the third fastest growing economy in Latin America (5.2% in 2012), with the lowest unemployment rate (4.86% in 2013) in the region globally.

• Economic growth in Ecuador has been inclusive, which has directly reduced poverty and inequality levels and increased the middle class.

• Between 2006 and 2013, income poverty (using the national poverty line) fell from 37.6% to 25.5% whereas extreme poverty declined from 16.9% to 8.6%.

• However, significant challenges remain in terms of the sustainability of these achievements in reducing poverty and inequality and in ensuring sustainable, inclusive growth.

• More than half of the Ecuadorian population continues to live in poverty or is vulnerable to again falling below the poverty line.

Between 2007 and 2013, the EU committed €140.6m to Ecuador:

The main policies supported were education (€75.2m) and economic growth (€65.4m).

In education, the EU support contributed to a substantial increase in access to general basic education, with, by the end of 2013, more than 95% of children of school age attending schools.

Peru

• Peru has the fifth-largest population (29.733 million) in Latin America (behind Brazil, Mexico, Colombia and Argentina) and it covers an area of 1.3 million square metres. It is classified as a high middle income country.

• The main social indicators for Peru show positive progress, but also reveal a persistence of inequality. Although national poverty rate decreased from 45% in 2006 to 25.8% in 2012, rural Andean zone poverty level remains at 53%.

• The Peruvian economy remains largely based on the extraction and export of raw materials, mainly minerals and gas. This does not only make the country structurally vulnerable to external demand and supply shocks in global markets but can also feed discontent and social conflicts.

Between 2007 and 2013, the EU committed €135m to Peru:

The main areas of support were drug policies and social inclusion.

In 2013, the European Commission adopted €32.2m of funding in Sector Budget Support to the National anti-Drugs Strategy. The first fixed tranche of €8m will be disbursed during the Commissioner's visit.

Support for social inclusion has been one of the main targets of the EU cooperation with Peru in the past decade. The creation of a new Ministry of Social Inclusion and the creation of a special fund fostering result-oriented social inclusion programmes are good examples of these efforts on the part of the Government.

Regional projects in Peru and Ecuador

  1. ALFA III

ALFA III supports the modernisation of higher education in Latin America in order to promote sustainable and equitable development in the region, through the creation of networks between universities in the region.

In this regard, ALFA III contributes to building the EU-Latin American's Common Higher Education Area, recognised as a strategic element for strengthening bilateral and multilateral relations between the two regions. With a budget of €75m for the period 2007-2013, the programme as financed 51 projects fostering cooperation and networking among nearly 500 universities. More than 18 Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) from Peru participate in the 14 approved projects of ALFA III. In Ecuador, at least 19 Higher Education Institutions take part.

  1. EUROsociAL- Flagship programme for social cohesion in Latin America

EUROsociAL is a programme designed to increase social cohesion, bringing together political decision-makers and high-level public servants from European and Latin American public administrations to develop and implement policies to reduce social inequalities.

The total EU contribution amounts to €70m (€30m during its first phase (2004-2009) and €40m during the second one (2011-2014). It actively fosters ‘South-South’ co-operation in Latin America (i.e. when knowledge based on previous cooperation and adjusted to the specific conditions in a neighbouring country has been transferred from one Latin American country to another) – spending on which is expected to top €10m during the programme’s second phase.

Some tangible examples from Peru and Bolivia include helping former prisoners to reintegrate into society, supporting the National Professional Qualification Systems and monitoring equity of access to healthcare and medicines.

More examples of regional cooperation projects are available here.

For more information:

IP/14/853: EU Commissioner announces significant new funding for Peru during visit

Developing countries

UK pledges cash for #Commonwealth education, urges #malaria fight

Published

on

Prime Minister Theresa May pledged cash to help improve children’s education in the Commonwealth and called for a commitment from fellow leaders to tackle malaria on Tuesday (17 April), writes William James.

May’s government is looking to reinvigorate the Commonwealth, a 53-country network of mostly former British colonies, as it seeks to define its post-Brexit role in the world as a leader of free trade and active global citizens.

Speaking on the second day of a week-long Commonwealth meeting in London, May switched focus from trade, which she discussed on Monday, to humanitarian issues.

 “We need to show the world what the Commonwealth is capable of,” she said.

May commited 212 million pounds ($304m) to try to make sure children living in developing Commonwealth countries receive 12 years of quality education.

“I want this to be the summit where the Commonwealth agrees to make that the goal for all our members – and begins to put in place the concrete measures that will allow it to become a reality,” she said.

May spoke alongside Microsoft co-founder and philanthropist Bill Gates, also touching on the need to reduce malaria deaths, saying around 90% of Commonwealth citizens live in countries where the disease is endemic.

Britain is already committed to spending half a billion pounds per year on tackling malaria, and may will urge fellow leaders to target a halving of malaria rates by 2023.

“We cannot in good conscience, talk about the young people of the world, about securing a legacy for our children and grandchildren, without tackling a disease that, worldwide, kills one of them every two minutes,” she added.

($1 = 0.6983 pounds)

Continue Reading

Developing countries

EU steps up aid for #Nigeria, #Niger and #Cameroon as humanitarian crisis worsens

Published

on

20150107PHT05002_originalThe European Commission is providing additional humanitarian assistance to help address the worsening situation in the Lake Chad region.

Today (4 August) the European Commission has announced an additional €12.5 million in humanitarian aid to support people in Nigeria, Niger and Cameroon as they face a deteriorating humanitarian crisis. Today's additional emergency assistance will help vulnerable populations in the Lake Chad region. €9m will be provided to support people in Nigeria, €2 million in Cameroon and €1.5m in Niger.

The new funding comes as violence by the terrorist group Boko Haram from northern Nigeria has severely destabilized the Lake Chad region, causing the displacement of millions of people.

"When travelling to the region last month, I witnessed the plight of people in the Lake Chad Basin. Millions have been displaced and the number of those struggling to find food is increasingly alarming. The situation in Nigeria is especially dramatic. As always, children are hit the hardest and we must urgently intervene to stop their suffering. This additional EU funding will focus on emergency assistance, primarily in the areas of food and nutrition, water and sanitation, and health. All efforts should be made to ensure that humanitarian organizations can safely reach those who need urgent help." said Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Management Commissioner Christos Stylianides.

The EU aid announced today comes on top of the €58m previously allocated to the Lake Chad Basin crisis, bringing overall EU humanitarian aid to over €70m for the region in 2016. The European Union is a major humanitarian donor in the region, providing assistance to local, host and displaced populations in various humanitarian aid sectors in recent years.

TABLE - Total EU humanitarian aid to populations in the Lake Chad basin and in the Sahel in 2016: €216,200,000

Type of assistance (in €)
Country Resilience and food Support for conflict affected population in Lake Chad Basin Additional emergency assistance
Burkina Faso 15 300 000
Cameroon 2 000 000 9 000 000 2 000 000
Chad 41 000 000 9 200 000
Mali 17 500 000
Mauritania 10 700 000
Niger 29 000 000 9 000 000 1 500 000
Nigeria 31 000 000 9 000 000
Senegal 6 400 000
West Africa regional programmes 23 600 000
Total EUR 145 500 000 58 200 000 12 500 000

Background

Nigeria is the worst hit country by the regional humanitarian crisis. The United Nations estimates over 7 million Nigerians have been affected by the conflict in the north-east of the country alone – including over 2 million displaced who rely on humanitarian assistance to survive. Already vulnerable host communities are also deeply affected, as is the local population in Nigeria, and increasingly so.

The Far North Region of Cameroon currently hosts 65,100 Nigerian refugees and 191, 600 internally displaced persons, 158,500 of whom have fled attacks by Boko Haram. Meanwhile, the violence has forced some 167,000 people from their homes in Niger, which also hosts 82,000 Nigerian refugees.

At the same time, some 4.4 million Nigerians are estimated to be severely food insecure in the north-east of the country. The number of children suffering from Severe Acute Malnutrition is reported to be particularly alarming –at least 244,000 are estimated to be affected in the state of Borno alone. Aid agencies are reporting that one in five children may die if not provided with urgent life-saving treatment.

In Nigeria specifically, the European Commission has been scaling up its aid continuously to meet the increasing humanitarian needs. EU humanitarian assistance to Nigeria since 2014 amounts to €73 million.

While the needs are immense, providing humanitarian assistance in Nigeria and the region as a whole remains challenging as demonstrated by the attack against humanitarian responders in north-east Nigeria only last week.

More information

Cameroon factsheet

Niger factsheet

Nigeria factsheet

EU steps up humanitarian aid for victims of Boko Haram in Africa's Lake Chad region

Continue Reading

Developing countries

#EUTurkey: Médecins Sans Frontières will no longer take funds from European Union

Published

on

20131008PHT21745_originalMédecins Sans Frontières (MSF) has announced today (17 June) that they will no longer take funds from the European Union and member states, in opposition to what they perceive as damaging deterrence policies and intensifying attempts to push people and their suffering away from European shores. The decision takes immediate effect and will apply to MSF’s projects worldwide.

Three months into the EU-Turkey deal, which European governments are claiming as a success, people in need of protection are left counting its true human cost. On the Greek Islands, more than 8,000 people, including hundreds of unaccompanied minors, have been stranded as a direct consequence of the EU-Turkey deal. They have been living in dire conditions, in overcrowded camps, sometimes for months. They fear a forced return to Turkey yet are deprived of essential legal aid, their one defence against collective expulsion. The majority of these families, whom Europe has legislated out of sight, have fled conflict in Syria, Iraq and Afghanistan.

The European Commission recently hailed the EU-Turkey deal as a success. European Commission First Vice President Frans Timmermans said: "The EU-Turkey Statement is delivering results: migrants see that it is not worth risking their lives on smugglers' boats and we are on track to contract €1 billion of projects under the Refugee Facility by the end of this summer. But now is not the moment to sit back. We need to fully implement all elements of the Statement. This includes stepping up resettlement and increasing Greece's capacity to address the humanitarian situation and deal with asylum applications in line with EU law. The Turkish authorities also need to complete the implementation of the visa liberalization road map."

MSF say that the EU-Turkey deal places the very concept of “refugee” and the protection it offers in danger. Médecins Sans Frontières International Secretary General Jerome Oberreit said: “For months MSF has spoken out about a shameful European response focused on deterrence rather than providing people with the assistance and protection they need. Once again, Europe’s main focus is not on how well people will be protected, but on how efficiently they are kept away.”

MSF also object to the European Commission’s proposal to replicate the EU-Turkey logic across more than 16 countries in Africa and the Middle East. These deals would impose trade and development aid cuts on countries that do not stem migration to Europe or facilitate forcible returns, rewarding those that do.

MSF say that since the agreement between Europe and Turkey made on 18 March, Greece has turned refugee camps into detention camps. Refugees are sorted and wait to be sent back to Turkey for those who came after 20 March. The EU-Turkey deal sets a dangerous precedent for other countries hosting refugees, sending a message that caring for people forced from their homes is optional and that they can buy their way out of providing asylum. Last month, the Kenyan Government cited European migration policy to justify their decision to close the world’s largest refugee camp, Dadaab, sending its residents back to Somalia. Likewise, the deal does nothing to encourage countries surrounding Syria, already hosting millions of refugees, to open their borders to those in need.

“Europe’s attempt to outsource migration control is having a domino effect, with closed borders stretching all the way back to Syria. People increasingly have nowhere to turn,” said Oberreit. “Will the situation in Azaz where 100,000 people are blocked between closed borders and front lines become the rule, rather than the deadly exception?”

The EU-Turkey deal’s financial package includes one billion euros in humanitarian aid. While acknowledging that their are undoubtedly needs in Turkey, a country which currently hosts close to three million Syrian refugees, this aid has been negotiated as a reward for border control promises, rather than being based solely on needs.

“Deterrence policies sold to the public as humanitarian solutions have only exacerbated the suffering of people in need. There is nothing remotely humanitarian about these policies. It cannot become the norm and must be challenged,” said Oberreit. “MSF will not receive funding from institutions and governments whose policies do so much harm. We are calling on European governments to shift priorities - rather than maximizing the number of people they can push back, they must maximize the number they welcome and protect.”

Continue Reading
Advertisement

Facebook

Twitter

Trending